Form 10-Q
Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-Q

 

 

(Mark One)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2017

or

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

Commission file number 1-13079

 

 

RYMAN HOSPITALITY PROPERTIES, INC.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)

 

 

 

Delaware   73-0664379
(State or Other Jurisdiction of   (I.R.S. Employer
Incorporation or Organization)   Identification No.)

One Gaylord Drive

Nashville, Tennessee 37214

(Address of Principal Executive Offices)

(Zip Code)

(615) 316-6000

(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    ☒  Yes    ☐  No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    ☒  Yes    ☐  No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer      Accelerated filer  
Non-accelerated filer   ☐      Smaller reporting company  
     Emerging growth company  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    ☐  Yes    ☒  No

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.   ☐

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.

 

Class

  

Outstanding as of October 31, 2017

Common Stock, par value $.01    51,196,251 shares

 

 

 


Table of Contents

RYMAN HOSPITALITY PROPERTIES, INC.

FORM 10-Q

For the Quarter Ended September 30, 2017

INDEX

 

     Page  

Part I - Financial Information

  

Item 1. Financial Statements

  

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets (Unaudited) - September  30, 2017 and December 31, 2016

     3  

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Unaudited) - For the Three Months and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2017 and 2016

     4  

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited) - For the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2017 and 2016

     5  

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

     6  

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

     25  

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

     48  

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

     49  

Part II - Other Information

  

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

     49  

Item 1A. Risk Factors

     49  

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

     49  

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities

     49  

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

     49  

Item 5. Other Information

     49  

Item 6. Exhibits

     50  

SIGNATURES

     51  

 

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Table of Contents

Part I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. – FINANCIAL STATEMENTS.

RYMAN HOSPITALITY PROPERTIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(Unaudited)

(In thousands)

 

     September 30,     December 31,  
     2017     2016  

ASSETS:

    

Property and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation

   $ 2,044,443     $ 1,998,012  

Cash and cash equivalents - unrestricted

     62,672       59,128  

Cash and cash equivalents - restricted

     14,703       22,062  

Notes receivable

     150,493       152,882  

Investment in Gaylord Rockies joint venture

     88,378       70,440  

Trade receivables, less allowance of $611 and $629, respectively

     56,684       47,818  

Prepaid expenses and other assets

     75,129       55,411  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 2,492,502     $ 2,405,753  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY:

    

Debt and capital lease obligations

   $ 1,566,754     $ 1,502,554  

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

     198,290       163,205  

Dividends payable

     41,866       39,404  

Deferred management rights proceeds

     177,815       180,088  

Deferred income tax liabilities, net

     969       1,469  

Other liabilities

     155,412       151,036  

Commitments and contingencies

    

Stockholders’ equity:

    

Preferred stock, $.01 par value, 100,000 shares authorized, no shares issued or outstanding

     —         —    

Common stock, $.01 par value, 400,000 shares authorized, 51,196 and 51,017 shares issued and outstanding, respectively

     512       510  

Additional paid-in capital

     894,883       893,102  

Treasury stock of 541 shares, at cost

     (11,542     (11,542

Accumulated deficit

     (511,798     (491,805

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

     (20,659     (22,268
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total stockholders’ equity

     351,396       367,997  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

   $ 2,492,502     $ 2,405,753  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

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RYMAN HOSPITALITY PROPERTIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

(Unaudited)

(In thousands, except per share data)

 

     Three Months Ended     Nine Months Ended  
     September 30,     September 30,  
     2017     2016     2017     2016  

Revenues:

        

Rooms

   $ 100,534     $ 101,085     $ 314,577     $ 309,385  

Food and beverage

     104,437       113,100       359,047       362,550  

Other hotel revenue

     24,619       26,834       73,493       75,604  

Entertainment

     35,134       30,701       92,427       81,893  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenues

     264,724       271,720       839,544       829,432  

Operating expenses:

        

Rooms

     27,575       28,371       83,962       82,492  

Food and beverage

     62,649       64,790       200,091       201,045  

Other hotel expenses

     72,119       73,331       219,580       219,510  

Management fees, net

     4,708       4,408       16,417       15,246  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total hotel operating expenses

     167,051       170,900       520,050       518,293  

Entertainment

     22,621       19,100       61,559       54,630  

Corporate

     9,220       8,447       24,324       22,315  

Preopening costs

     877       —         1,587       —    

Depreciation and amortization

     28,546       26,706       83,862       81,888  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total operating expenses

     228,315       225,153       691,382       677,126  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating income

     36,409       46,567       148,162       152,306  

Interest expense

     (16,621     (15,947     (49,640     (48,002

Interest income

     2,957       2,965       8,874       9,116  

Loss from joint ventures

     (899     (638     (2,616     (2,086

Other gains and (losses), net

     2,554       2,468       1,024       2,288  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income before income taxes

     24,400       35,415       105,804       113,622  

Provision for income taxes

     (530     (1,822     (2,022     (2,352
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income

   $ 23,870     $ 33,593     $ 103,782     $ 111,270  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Basic income per share

   $ 0.47     $ 0.66     $ 2.03     $ 2.18  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Fully diluted income per share

   $ 0.46     $ 0.66     $ 2.02     $ 2.17  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Dividends declared per common share

   $ 0.80     $ 0.75     $ 2.40     $ 2.25  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive income, net of taxes

   $ 25,434     $ 29,979     $ 105,391     $ 107,704  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

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RYMAN HOSPITALITY PROPERTIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(Unaudited)

(In thousands)

 

     Nine Months Ended  
     September 30,  
     2017     2016  

Cash Flows from Operating Activities:

    

Net income

   $ 103,782     $ 111,270  

Amounts to reconcile net income to net cash flows provided by operating activities:

    

Provision (benefit) for deferred income taxes

     (500     279  

Depreciation and amortization

     83,862       81,888  

Amortization of deferred financing costs

     3,958       3,647  

Write-off of deferred financing costs

     925       —    

Stock-based compensation expense

     4,954       4,594  

Changes in:

    

Trade receivables

     (8,865     (3,220

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

     31,994       2,647  

Other assets and liabilities

     (4,340     (1,989
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash flows provided by operating activities

     215,770       199,116  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash Flows from Investing Activities:

    

Purchases of property and equipment

     (127,148     (84,557

Investment in Gaylord Rockies joint venture

     (16,309     (50,443

Investment in other joint ventures

     (6,819     (750

Proceeds from sale of Peterson LOI

     —         6,785  

(Increase) decrease in restricted cash and cash equivalents

     7,359       (3,517

Other investing activities

     (4,139     1,023  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash flows used in investing activities

     (147,056     (131,459
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash Flows from Financing Activities:

    

Net borrowings (repayments) under revolving credit facility

     (235,900     60,500  

Borrowings under term loan A

     200,000       —    

Borrowings under term loan B

     500,000       —    

Repayments under term loan B

     (392,500     (3,000

Deferred financing costs paid

     (12,268     —    

Repayment of note payable related to purchase of AC Hotel

     —         (6,000

Repurchase of Company stock for retirement

     —         (24,811

Payment of dividends

     (120,740     (112,900

Payment of tax withholdings for share-based compensation

     (3,775     (3,150

Other financing activities

     13       1,271  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash flows used in financing activities

     (65,170     (88,090
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net change in cash and cash equivalents

     3,544       (20,433

Cash and cash equivalents - unrestricted, beginning of period

     59,128       56,291  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents - unrestricted, end of period

   $ 62,672     $ 35,858  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

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RYMAN HOSPITALITY PROPERTIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(UNAUDITED)

1. BASIS OF PRESENTATION:

On January 1, 2013, Ryman Hospitality Properties, Inc. (“Ryman”) and its subsidiaries (collectively with Ryman, the “Company”) began operating as a real estate investment trust (“REIT”) for federal income tax purposes, specializing in group-oriented, destination hotel assets in urban and resort markets. The Company’s owned assets include a network of upscale, meetings-focused resorts that are managed by Marriott International, Inc. (“Marriott”) under the Gaylord Hotels brand. These resorts, which the Company refers to as the Gaylord Hotels properties, consist of the Gaylord Opryland Resort & Convention Center in Nashville, Tennessee (“Gaylord Opryland”), the Gaylord Palms Resort & Convention Center near Orlando, Florida (“Gaylord Palms”), the Gaylord Texan Resort & Convention Center near Dallas, Texas (“Gaylord Texan”) and the Gaylord National Resort & Convention Center near Washington D.C. (“Gaylord National”). The Company’s other owned assets managed by Marriott include Gaylord Springs Golf Links (“Gaylord Springs”), the Wildhorse Saloon, the General Jackson Showboat (“General Jackson”), the Inn at Opryland, an overflow hotel adjacent to Gaylord Opryland, and the AC Hotel at National Harbor, Washington D.C. (“AC Hotel”), an overflow hotel adjacent to Gaylord National. The Company also owns and operates media and entertainment assets including the Grand Ole Opry, the legendary weekly showcase of country music’s finest performers; the Ryman Auditorium, the storied live music venue and former home of the Grand Ole Opry; and WSM-AM, the Opry’s radio home.

The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Ryman and its subsidiaries and have been prepared by the Company, without audit, pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in annual financial statements prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles have been condensed or omitted from this report pursuant to such rules and regulations. These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016. In the opinion of management, all adjustments necessary for a fair statement of the results of operations for the interim periods have been included. All adjustments are of a normal, recurring nature. The results of operations for such interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results for the full year because of seasonal and short-term variations.

The Company conducts its business through an umbrella partnership REIT, in which substantially all of its assets are held by, and all of its operations are conducted through, RHP Hotel Properties, LP, a subsidiary operating partnership (the “Operating Partnership”) that the Company formed in connection with its REIT conversion. Ryman is the sole limited partner of the Operating Partnership and currently owns, either directly or indirectly, all of the partnership units of the Operating Partnership. RHP Finance Corporation, a Delaware corporation (“Finco”), was formed as a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Operating Partnership for the sole purpose of being a co-issuer of debt securities with the Operating Partnership. Neither Ryman nor Finco has any material assets, other than Ryman’s investment in the Operating Partnership and its 100%-owned subsidiaries. As 100%-owned subsidiaries of Ryman, neither the Operating Partnership nor Finco has any business, operations, financial results or other material information, other than the business, operations, financial results and other material information described in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and Ryman’s other reports, documents or other information filed with the SEC pursuant to the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.

The Company principally operates, through its subsidiaries and its property managers, as applicable, in the following business segments: Hospitality, Entertainment, and Corporate and Other.

 

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Newly Issued Accounting Standards

In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (the “FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2014-09,Revenue from Contracts with Customers,” the core principle of which is that a company will recognize revenue when it transfers promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. Under this guidance, companies will need to use more judgment and make more estimates than under today’s guidance. These judgments may include identifying performance obligations in the contract, estimating the amount of variable consideration to include in the transaction price and allocating the transaction price to each separate performance obligation. The ASU is effective for the Company in the first quarter of 2018, and the Company plans to adopt this standard at that time using the modified retrospective approach. The Company has completed a revenue stream scoping process and has made significant progress toward completing its assessment of how the new ASU will impact the amount and timing of the various revenue streams recorded in its financial statements. While the Company is still finalizing the assessment in conjunction with Marriott, due to the short-term, day-to-day nature of the Company’s hospitality and entertainment segment revenues, the pattern of revenue recognition is not expected to change significantly.

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02,Leases,” that requires lessees to put most leases on their balance sheet, but recognize expenses on their income statements in a manner similar to previous accounting. The ASU also eliminates the required use of bright-line tests for determining lease classification. The ASU is effective for the Company in the first quarter of 2019 and requires a modified retrospective approach, with restatement of prior periods. The primary impact of the adoption will be the inclusion of the Company’s 75-year ground lease at Gaylord Palms on its balance sheet. See Note 12 in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016 for a further disclosure of the Company’s outstanding leases.

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13,Financial Instruments – Credit Losses – Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments,” which will change how entities measure credit losses for most financial assets and certain other instruments that are not measured at fair value through net income. The ASU will replace the current “incurred loss” approach with an “expected loss” model for instruments measured at amortized cost. For trade and other receivables, held-to-maturity debt securities, loans and other instruments, entities will be required to use a new forward-looking “expected loss” model that generally will result in the earlier recognition of allowances for losses. The ASU is effective for the Company in the first quarter of 2020. The Company is currently evaluating the effects of this ASU on its financial statements, and such effects have not yet been determined.

In March 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-07,Compensation – Retirement Benefits: Improving the Presentation of Net Periodic Pension Cost and Net Periodic Postretirement Benefit Cost,” which will change how employers that sponsor defined benefit pension and/or other postretirement benefit plans present the cost of benefits in the income statement. Under the new guidance, the service cost component of net periodic benefit cost will be presented in the same income statement line item(s) as other employee compensation costs. In addition, the other components of net periodic benefit cost will be presented separately from service cost and outside of operating income. The ASU is effective for the Company in the first quarter of 2018, and this adoption will not have a material impact on the Company’s financial statements.

 

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2. INCOME PER SHARE:

The weighted average number of common shares outstanding is calculated as follows (in thousands):

 

     Three Months Ended      Nine Months Ended  
     September 30,      September 30,  
     2017      2016      2017      2016  

Weighted average shares outstanding—basic

     51,191        51,004        51,131        51,009  

Effect of dilutive stock-based compensation

     185        266        200        270  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Weighted average shares outstanding—diluted

     51,376        51,270        51,331        51,279  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

3. ACCUMULATED OTHER COMPREHENSIVE LOSS:

The Company’s balance in accumulated other comprehensive loss is composed of amounts related to the Company’s minimum pension liability. During the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2017, the Company recorded $1.6 million in other comprehensive income, and during the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2016, the Company recorded $3.7 million in other comprehensive loss, which primarily represents the changes in the Company’s pension plan liability as described in Note 10.

4. PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT:

Property and equipment at September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016 is recorded at cost and summarized as follows (in thousands):

 

     September 30,      December 31,  
     2017      2016  

Land and land improvements

   $ 266,427      $ 266,053  

Buildings

     2,436,294        2,398,117  

Furniture, fixtures and equipment

     636,362        604,876  

Construction-in-progress

     106,245        50,273  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     3,445,328        3,319,319  

Accumulated depreciation

     (1,400,885      (1,321,307
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Property and equipment, net

   $ 2,044,443      $ 1,998,012  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

In June 2017, the Company entered into an agreement with the Industrial Development Board of the Metropolitan Government of Nashville and Davidson County (the “Board”) to implement a tax abatement plan related to Gaylord Opryland. The tax abatement plan provides for the capping of real property taxes for a period of eight years by legally transferring title to the Gaylord Opryland real property to the Board. The Board financed the acquisition of the Gaylord Opryland real property by issuing a $650 million industrial revenue bond to the Company. The Board then leased this property back to the Company. The Company is obligated to make lease payments equal to the debt service on the industrial revenue bond. No cash was exchanged and no cash will be exchanged in connection with the Company’s lease payments under the lease. The tax abatement period extends through the term of the lease, which coincides with the nine-year maturity of the bond. At any time, the Company has the option to repurchase the real property at a de minimis amount.

Due to the form of these transactions, the Company has not recorded the bond or the lease obligation associated with the sale lease-back transaction, and the cost of the Gaylord Opryland real property remains recorded on the balance sheet and is being depreciated over its estimated useful life.

 

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5. NOTES RECEIVABLE:

As further discussed in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016, in connection with the development of Gaylord National, the Company is currently holding two issuances of governmental bonds and receives debt service thereon, payable from property tax increments, hotel taxes and special hotel rental taxes generated from Gaylord National through the maturity date. The Company is recording the amortization of discount on these notes receivable as interest income over the life of the notes.

During the three months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, the Company recorded interest income of $2.9 million and $3.0 million, respectively, on these bonds. During the nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, the Company recorded interest income of $8.7 million and $9.0 million, respectively, on these bonds. The Company received payments of $11.1 million during each of the nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively, relating to these notes receivable. See additional discussion regarding the fair value of these notes receivable in Note 14.

6. INVESTMENT IN GAYLORD ROCKIES JOINT VENTURE:

In March 2016, certain subsidiaries of the Company entered into a series of agreements with affiliates of RIDA Development Corporation (“RIDA”) and Ares Management, L.P. (“Ares”) with respect to an equity investment in the Gaylord Rockies Resort & Convention Center in Aurora, Colorado (“Gaylord Rockies”), which is being developed by RIDA and Ares. The hotel will be managed by Marriott pursuant to a long-term management contract and is expected to consist of a 1,500-room resort hotel with over 485,000 square feet of exhibition, meeting, pre-function and outdoor space. The hotel is expected to be completed in late 2018 and has a total estimated project cost of approximately $800 million.

The Company owns a 35% interest in a limited liability company that owns the real property comprising the hotel, which the Company purchased for a capital contribution of approximately $86.5 million, of which the final portion was funded in the first quarter of 2017. The Company also owns a 35% interest in a limited liability company which will lease the hotel from the property owner and assume the Marriott management agreement prior to the opening of the hotel.

A subsidiary of the Company is providing designated asset management services on behalf of the hotel during the construction period in exchange for a flat fee and after opening of the hotel in exchange for a fee based on the hotel’s gross revenues on an annual basis.

In connection with the agreements, the Company agreed to provide guarantees of the hotel’s construction loan, including a principal repayment guarantee of up to $21 million of the total $500 million principal amount of the construction loan previously obtained from a consortium of eight banks, with such amount reducing to $14 million and further reducing to $8.75 million upon the hotel’s satisfaction of designated debt service coverage requirements following completion and opening of the hotel. The Company has also provided a completion guarantee under the construction loan capped at its pro rata share of all costs necessary to complete the project within the time specified in the joint venture’s loan documents. Further, the Company has agreed to a guarantee capped at its pro rata share of the joint venture’s obligations under the construction loan prior to the hotel’s opening related to interest accruing under the construction loan and the operating expenses of the property (estimated pro rata share of interest prior to the hotel opening is $9.8 million). In addition to guarantees related to the construction loan, the Company agreed to provide a guarantee of the mezzanine debt related to the hotel including a payment guarantee capped at $8.75 million for which the Company is only liable in the event there is a casualty or condemnation event at the hotel and the construction lenders elect to apply those proceeds to the construction loan balance and release the construction loan guarantees and liens. The guarantee related to the mezzanine debt also includes an uncapped completion guarantee and an uncapped guarantee of the joint venture’s obligations under the mezzanine loan prior to the hotel’s opening related to interest accruing under the mezzanine loan and the operating expenses of the property to the extent not already satisfied by the parties under the guarantees related to the construction loan. As of September 30, 2017, the Company had not recorded any liability in the consolidated balance sheet associated with these guarantees.

 

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7. DEBT:

The Company’s debt and capital lease obligations at September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016 consisted of (in thousands):

 

     September 30,      December 31,  
     2017      2016  

$700 Million Revolving Credit Facility, terms as set forth below, less unamortized deferred financing costs of $9,696 and $5,267

   $ 136,804      $ 377,133  

$200 Million Term Loan A, terms as set forth below, less unamortized deferred financing costs of $1,641 and $0

     198,359        —    

$500 Million Term Loan B, terms as set forth below, less unamortized deferred financing costs of $7,860 and $0

     489,640        —    

$400 Million Term Loan B, interest at LIBOR plus 2.75%, originally maturing January 15, 2021, less unamortized deferred financing costs of $0 and $5,273

     —          384,727  

$350 Million Senior Notes, interest at 5.0%, maturing April 15, 2021, less unamortized deferred financing costs of $3,566 and $4,246

     346,434        345,754  

$400 Million Senior Notes, interest at 5.0%, maturing April 15, 2023, less unamortized deferred financing costs of $5,126 and $5,719

     394,874        394,281  

Capital lease obligations

     643        659  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total debt

   $ 1,566,754      $ 1,502,554  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

The majority of amounts due within one year consist of the amortization payments for the Term Loan B of 1.0% of the original principal balance, as described below.

At September 30, 2017, the Company was in compliance with all of its covenants related to its outstanding debt.

On May 11, 2017, the Company entered into a Fifth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement (the “Amended Credit Agreement”) among the Company, as a guarantor, the Operating Partnership, as borrower, certain other subsidiaries of the Company party thereto, as guarantors, certain subsidiaries of the Company party thereto, as pledgors, the lenders party thereto and Wells Fargo Bank, N.A., as administrative agent, which amends and restates the Company’s existing credit facility. In addition, on May 23, 2017, the Company entered into an Amendment No. 1 (the “Amendment”) to the Amended Credit Agreement among the same parties. As amended, the Company’s credit facility consists of a $700.0 million senior secured revolving credit facility (the “Revolver”), a new $200.0 million senior secured term loan A (the “Term Loan A”), and an increased $500.0 million senior secured term loan B (the “Term Loan B”), each as discussed below.

Each of the Revolver, Term Loan A and Term Loan B is guaranteed by the Company, each of the four wholly-owned subsidiaries that own the Gaylord Hotels properties, and certain other of the Company’s subsidiaries. Each is secured by (i) a first mortgage lien on the real property of each of the Gaylord Hotels properties, (ii) pledges of equity interests in the Company’s subsidiaries that own the Gaylord Hotels properties, (iii) the personal property of the Company, the Operating Partnership and the subsidiaries that guarantee the Amended Credit Agreement and (iv) all proceeds and products from the Company’s Gaylord Hotels properties. Advances are subject to a 55% borrowing base, based on the appraisal value of the Gaylord Hotels properties (reduced to 50% in the event one of the Gaylord Hotel properties is sold).

 

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In addition, each of the Revolver, Term Loan A and Term Loan B contains certain covenants which, among other things, limit the incurrence of additional indebtedness, investments, dividends, transactions with affiliates, asset sales, acquisitions, mergers and consolidations, liens and encumbrances and other matters customarily restricted in such agreements.

If an event of default shall occur and be continuing under the Amended Credit Agreement, the commitments under the Amended Credit Agreement may be terminated and the principal amount outstanding under the Amended Credit Agreement, together with all accrued unpaid interest and other amounts owing in respect thereof, may be declared immediately due and payable.

$700 Million Revolving Credit Facility

Pursuant to the Amendment, the Company extended the maturity of the Revolver to May 23, 2021. Borrowings under the Revolver bear interest at an annual rate equal to, at the Company’s option, either (i) LIBOR plus the applicable margin ranging from 1.55% to 2.40%, dependent upon the Company’s funded debt to total asset value ratio (as defined in the Amended Credit Agreement) or (ii) a base rate as set in the Amended Credit Agreement. At September 30, 2017, the interest rate on the Revolver is LIBOR plus 1.55%. No additional amounts were borrowed under the Revolver at closing.

$200 Million Term Loan A

The Amendment also provides for the Term Loan A, which has a maturity date of May 23, 2022. Borrowings under the Term Loan A bear interest at an annual rate equal to, at the Company’s option, either (i) LIBOR plus the applicable margin ranging from 1.50% to 2.35%, dependent upon the Company’s funded debt to total asset value ratio (as defined in the Amended Credit Agreement) or (ii) a base rate as set in the Amended Credit Agreement. At September 30, 2017, the interest rate on the Term Loan A was LIBOR plus 1.50%. Amounts borrowed under the Term Loan A that are repaid or prepaid may not be reborrowed. At closing, the Company drew down on the Term Loan A in full and proceeds were used to pay down a portion of the Revolver.

$500 Million Term Loan B

Pursuant to the Amended Credit Agreement, the Company increased its original $400 million term loan B facility to a $500 million term loan B facility and extended the maturity to May 11, 2024. Borrowings under the Term Loan B bear interest at an annual rate equal to, at the Company’s option, either (i) LIBOR plus 2.25% or (ii) a base rate as set in the Amended Credit Agreement. At September 30, 2017, the interest rate on the Term Loan B was LIBOR plus 2.25%. The Term Loan B amortizes in equal quarterly installments in aggregate annual amounts equal to 1.0% of the original principal amount of $500.0 million, with the balance due at maturity. Amounts borrowed under the Term Loan B that are repaid or prepaid may not be reborrowed. At closing, the Company drew down on the Term Loan B in full. Net proceeds, after the repayment of the original $400 million term loan B and certain transaction expenses payable at closing, were approximately $114.3 million and were used to pay down a portion of the Revolver.

8. DEFERRED MANAGEMENT RIGHTS PROCEEDS:

On October 1, 2012, the Company consummated its agreement to sell the Gaylord Hotels brand and rights to manage Gaylord Opryland, Gaylord Palms, Gaylord Texan and Gaylord National to Marriott for $210.0 million in cash. Effective October 1, 2012, Marriott assumed responsibility for managing the day-to-day operations of the Gaylord Hotels properties pursuant to a management agreement for each Gaylord Hotel property.

On October 1, 2012, the Company received $210.0 million in cash from Marriott in exchange for rights to manage the Gaylord Hotels properties (the “Management Rights”) and certain intellectual property (the “IP Rights”). The Company allocated $190.0 million of the purchase price to the Management Rights and $20.0 million to the IP Rights. The allocation was based on the Company’s estimates of the fair values for the respective components. The Company estimated the fair value of each component by constructing distinct discounted cash flow models.

 

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For financial accounting purposes, the amount related to the Management Rights was deferred and is amortized on a straight line basis over the 65-year term of the hotel management agreements, including extensions, as a reduction in management fee expense. The amount related to the IP Rights was recognized into income as other gains and losses during the fourth quarter of 2012.

9. STOCK PLANS:

During the nine months ended September 30, 2017, the Company granted 0.1 million restricted stock units with a weighted-average grant date fair value of $66.52 per award. There were 0.4 million and 0.5 million restricted stock units outstanding at September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively.

The compensation expense that has been charged against pre-tax income for all of the Company’s stock-based compensation plans was $1.7 million and $1.5 million for the three months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively, and $5.0 million and $4.6 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively.

10. PENSION AND POSTRETIREMENT BENEFITS OTHER THAN PENSION PLANS:

Net periodic pension expense reflected in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations included the following components for the respective periods (in thousands):

 

     Three Months Ended      Nine Months Ended  
     September 30,      September 30,  
     2017      2016      2017      2016  

Interest cost

   $ 891      $ 966      $ 2,706      $ 2,896  

Expected return on plan assets

     (1,051      (1,021      (3,098      (3,061

Amortization of net actuarial loss

     282        307        861        921  

Net settlement loss

     1,218        1,567        1,218        1,567  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total net periodic pension expense

   $ 1,340      $ 1,819      $ 1,687      $ 2,323  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

As a result of increased lump-sum distributions from the Company’s qualified retirement plan during 2017 and 2016, net settlement losses of $1.2 million and $1.6 million were recognized in the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively. These net settlement losses have been classified as corporate operating expenses in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations.

In addition, the increase in lump-sum distributions required the Company to re-measure its liability under its pension plan as of September 30, 2017. As a result of the re-measurement, partially offset by a decrease in the pension plan’s assumed discount rate from 3.7% at December 31, 2016 to 3.3% at September 30, 2017, the Company recorded a $0.3 million decrease in its liability under the pension plan and a corresponding decrease in accumulated other comprehensive loss in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet at September 30, 2017.

 

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Net postretirement benefit income reflected in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations included the following components for the respective periods (in thousands):

 

     Three Months Ended      Nine Months Ended  
     September 30,      September 30,  
     2017      2016      2017      2016  

Interest cost

   $ 27      $ 30      $ 81      $ 90  

Amortization of net actuarial loss

     61        60        184        181  

Amortization of prior service credit

     (328      (328      (985      (985
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total net postretirement benefit income

   $ (240    $ (238    $ (720    $ (714
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

11. INCOME TAXES:

The Company elected to be taxed as a REIT effective January 1, 2013, pursuant to the U.S. Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended. As a REIT, generally the Company will not be subject to federal corporate income taxes on ordinary taxable income and capital gains income from real estate investments that it distributes to its stockholders. The Company will, however, be subject to corporate income taxes on built-in gains (the excess of fair market value over tax basis at January 1, 2013) that result from gains on the sale of certain assets occurring prior to January 1, 2018. In addition, the Company will continue to be required to pay federal and state corporate income taxes on earnings of its taxable REIT subsidiaries (“TRSs”).

The Company recorded an income tax provision of $0.5 million and $1.8 million for the three months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively, and $2.0 million and $2.4 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively, related to the current period operations of the Company. These results differ from the statutory rate primarily due to the REIT dividends paid deduction and the change in valuation allowance required at the TRSs.

At September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, the Company had no unrecognized tax benefits.

12. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES:

The Company has entered into employment agreements with certain officers, which provide for severance payments upon certain events, including certain terminations in connection with a change of control.

The Company, in the ordinary course of business, is involved in certain legal actions and claims on a variety of matters. It is the opinion of management that such legal actions will not have a material effect on the results of operations, financial condition or liquidity of the Company.

13. STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY:

Dividends

On February 28, 2017, the Company’s board of directors declared the Company’s first quarter 2017 cash dividend in the amount of $0.80 per share of common stock, or an aggregate of approximately $40.9 million in cash, which was paid on April 14, 2017 to stockholders of record as of the close of business on March 31, 2017.

On June 9, 2017, the Company’s board of directors declared the Company’s second quarter 2017 cash dividend in the amount of $0.80 per share of common stock, or an aggregate of approximately $41.0 million in cash, which was paid on July 14, 2017 to stockholders of record as of the close of business on June 19, 2017.

 

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On September 18, 2017, the Company’s board of directors declared the Company’s third quarter 2017 cash dividend in the amount of $0.80 per share of common stock, or an aggregate of approximately $41.0 million in cash, which was paid on October 13, 2017 to stockholders of record as of the close of business on September 29, 2017.

Previous Stock Repurchase Authorization

During the nine months ended September 30, 2016, the Company repurchased 0.5 million shares of its common stock for an aggregate purchase price of $24.8 million, which the Company funded using cash on hand and borrowings under its previous revolving credit facility. The repurchased stock, which represents the entirety of shares that were repurchased under the authorization, was cancelled by the Company. The share repurchase program authorization expired as of December 31, 2016, terminating the program.

14. FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS:

The Company uses a three-tier fair value hierarchy, which prioritizes the inputs used in measuring fair value. These tiers include: Level 1, defined as observable inputs such as quoted prices in active markets; Level 2, defined as inputs other than quoted prices in active markets that are either directly or indirectly observable; and Level 3, defined as unobservable inputs in which little or no market data exists, therefore requiring an entity to develop its own assumptions.

At September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, the Company held certain assets that are required to be measured at fair value on a recurring basis. These included investments held in conjunction with the Company’s non-qualified contributory deferred compensation plan. These investments consist of mutual funds traded in an active market. The Company determined the fair value of these mutual funds based on the net asset value per unit of the funds or the portfolio, which is based upon quoted market prices in an active market. Therefore, the Company has categorized these investments as Level 1. The Company has consistently applied the above valuation techniques in all periods presented and believes it has obtained the most accurate information available for each type of instrument.

The Company had no liabilities required to be measured at fair value at September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016. The Company’s assets measured at fair value on a recurring basis at September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, were as follows (in thousands):

 

            Markets for      Observable      Unobservable  
     September 30,      Identical Assets      Inputs      Inputs  
     2017      (Level 1)      (Level 2)      (Level 3)  

Deferred compensation plan investments

   $ 24,339      $ 24,339      $ —        $ —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total assets measured at fair value

   $ 24,339      $ 24,339      $ —        $ —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
            Markets for      Observable      Unobservable  
     December 31,      Identical Assets      Inputs      Inputs  
     2016      (Level 1)      (Level 2)      (Level 3)  

Deferred compensation plan investments

   $ 22,204      $ 22,204      $ —        $ —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total assets measured at fair value

   $ 22,204      $ 22,204      $ —        $ —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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The remainder of the assets and liabilities held by the Company at September 30, 2017 are not required to be recorded at fair value. The carrying value of certain of these assets and liabilities do not approximate fair value, as described below.

As further discussed in Note 5 and in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016, in connection with the development of Gaylord National, the Company received two bonds (“Series A Bond” and “Series B Bond”) from Prince George’s County, Maryland which had aggregate carrying values of $78.7 million and $71.8 million, respectively, at September 30, 2017. The maturity dates of the Series A Bond and the Series B Bond are July 1, 2034 and September 1, 2037, respectively. Based upon current market interest rates of notes receivable with comparable market ratings and current expectations about the timing of debt service payments under the notes, which the Company considers as Level 3, the fair value of the Series A Bond, which has the senior claim to the cash flows supporting these bonds, approximated carrying value at September 30, 2017 and the fair value of the Series B Bond was approximately $54 million at September 30, 2017. While the fair value of the Series B Bond decreased to less than its carrying value during 2011 due to a change in the timing of the debt service payments, the Company has the intent and ability to hold this bond to maturity and expects to receive all debt service payments due under the note. Therefore, the Company does not consider the Series B Bond to be other than temporarily impaired at September 30, 2017.

15. FINANCIAL REPORTING BY BUSINESS SEGMENTS:

The Company’s operations are organized into three principal business segments:

 

    Hospitality, which includes Gaylord Opryland, Gaylord Palms, Gaylord Texan, Gaylord National, the Inn at Opryland, the AC Hotel, and the Company’s investment in the Gaylord Rockies joint venture;

 

    Entertainment, which includes the Grand Ole Opry, the Ryman Auditorium, WSM-AM, and the Company’s other attractions and media and entertainment businesses, as well as the Company’s investment in a joint venture associated with a Times Square restaurant and entertainment venue; and

 

    Corporate and Other, which includes the Company’s corporate expenses.

 

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The following information is derived directly from the segments’ internal financial reports used for corporate management purposes (amounts in thousands):

 

     Three Months Ended      Nine Months Ended  
     September 30,      September 30,  
     2017      2016      2017      2016  

Revenues:

           

Hospitality

   $ 229,590      $ 241,019      $ 747,117      $ 747,539  

Entertainment

     35,134        30,701        92,427        81,893  

Corporate and Other

     —          —          —          —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 264,724      $ 271,720      $ 839,544      $ 829,432  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization:

           

Hospitality

   $ 26,061      $ 24,401      $ 76,786      $ 75,051  

Entertainment

     1,965        1,637        5,465        4,845  

Corporate and Other

     520        668        1,611        1,992  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 28,546      $ 26,706      $ 83,862      $ 81,888  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Operating income:

           

Hospitality

   $ 36,478      $ 45,718      $ 150,281      $ 154,195  

Entertainment

     10,548        9,964        25,403        22,418  

Corporate and Other

     (9,740      (9,115      (25,935      (24,307

Preopening costs

     (877      —          (1,587      —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total operating income

     36,409        46,567        148,162        152,306  

Interest expense

     (16,621      (15,947      (49,640      (48,002

Interest income

     2,957        2,965        8,874        9,116  

Loss from joint ventures

     (899      (638      (2,616      (2,086

Other gains and (losses), net

     2,554        2,468        1,024        2,288  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Income before income taxes

   $ 24,400      $ 35,415      $ 105,804      $ 113,622  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

16. INFORMATION CONCERNING GUARANTOR AND NON-GUARANTOR SUBSIDIARIES:

The $350 Million 5% Senior Notes and the $400 Million 5% Senior Notes were each issued by the Operating Partnership and Finco and are guaranteed on a senior unsecured basis by the Company, each of the Company’s four wholly-owned subsidiaries that own the Gaylord Hotels properties, and certain other of the Company’s subsidiaries, each of which guarantees the Operating Partnership’s Amended Credit Agreement (such subsidiary guarantors, together with the Company, the “Guarantors”). The subsidiary Guarantors are 100% owned, and the guarantees are full and unconditional and joint and several. Not all of the Company’s subsidiaries have guaranteed the Company’s $350 Million 5% Senior Notes and the $400 Million 5% Senior Notes.

The following condensed consolidating financial information includes certain allocations of expenses based on management’s best estimates, which are not necessarily indicative of financial position, results of operations and cash flows that these entities would have achieved on a stand-alone basis.

 

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RYMAN HOSPITALITY PROPERTIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATING BALANCE SHEET

September 30, 2017

 

    Parent                 Non-              
(in thousands)   Guarantor     Issuer     Guarantors     Guarantors     Eliminations     Consolidated  

ASSETS:

           

Property and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation

  $ —       $ —       $ 1,626,061     $ 418,382     $ —       $ 2,044,443  

Cash and cash equivalents—unrestricted

    130       311       522       61,709       —         62,672  

Cash and cash equivalents—restricted

    —         —         —         14,703       —         14,703  

Notes receivable

    —         —         —         150,493       —         150,493  

Investment in Gaylord Rockies joint venture

    —         —         —         88,378       —         88,378  

Trade receivables, less allowance

    —         —         —         56,684       —         56,684  

Prepaid expenses and other assets

    —         —         —         85,722       (10,593     75,129  

Intercompany receivables, net

    —         —         1,670,070       —         (1,670,070     —    

Investments

    979,917       2,886,063       647,247       768,523       (5,281,750     —    
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total assets

  $ 980,047     $ 2,886,374     $ 3,943,900     $ 1,644,594     $ (6,962,413   $ 2,492,502  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY:

           

Debt and capital lease obligations

  $ —       $ 1,566,110     $ —       $ 644     $ —       $ 1,566,754  

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

    702       20,487       8,802       178,892       (10,593     198,290  

Dividends payable

    41,866       —         —         —         —         41,866  

Deferred management rights proceeds

    —         —         —         177,815       —         177,815  

Deferred income tax liabilities, net

    209       —         (201     961       —         969  

Other liabilities

    —         —         93,798       61,614       —         155,412  

Intercompany payables, net

    585,874       847,692       —         236,504       (1,670,070     —    

Commitments and contingencies

           

Stockholders’ equity:

           

Preferred stock

    —         —         —         —         —         —    

Common stock

    512       1       1       2,387       (2,389     512  

Additional paid-in-capital

    894,883       713,735       2,831,499       1,473,558       (5,018,792     894,883  

Treasury stock

    (11,542     —         —         —         —         (11,542

Accumulated deficit

    (511,798     (261,651     1,010,001       (467,122     (281,228     (511,798

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

    (20,659     —         —         (20,659     20,659       (20,659
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total stockholders’ equity

    351,396       452,085       3,841,501       988,164       (5,281,750     351,396  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

  $ 980,047     $ 2,886,374     $ 3,943,900     $ 1,644,594     $ (6,962,413   $ 2,492,502  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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RYMAN HOSPITALITY PROPERTIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATING BALANCE SHEET

December 31, 2016

 

    Parent                 Non-              
(in thousands)   Guarantor     Issuer     Guarantors     Guarantors     Eliminations     Consolidated  

ASSETS:

           

Property and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation

  $ —       $ —       $ 1,600,288     $ 397,724     $ —       $ 1,998,012  

Cash and cash equivalents - unrestricted

    28       1,234       23       57,843       —         59,128  

Cash and cash equivalents - restricted

    —         —         —         22,062       —         22,062  

Notes receivable

    —         —         —         152,882       —         152,882  

Investment in Gaylord Rockies joint venture

    —         —         —         70,440       —         70,440  

Trade receivables, less allowance

    —         —         —         47,818       —         47,818  

Prepaid expenses and other assets

    460       42       5       55,407       (503     55,411  

Intercompany receivables, net

    —         —         1,640,220       —         (1,640,220     —    

Investments

    988,467       2,886,113       546,007       803,618       (5,224,205     —    
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total assets

  $ 988,955     $ 2,887,389     $ 3,786,543     $ 1,607,794     $ (6,864,928   $ 2,405,753  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY:

           

Debt and capital lease obligations

  $ —       $ 1,501,895     $ —       $ 659     $ —       $ 1,502,554  

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

    740       8,152       11,863       142,940       (490     163,205  

Dividends payable

    39,404       —         —         —         —         39,404  

Deferred management rights proceeds

    —         —         —         180,088       —         180,088  

Deferred income tax liabilities, net

    828       —         573       68       —         1,469  

Other liabilities

    —         —         89,989       61,060       (13     151,036  

Intercompany payables, net

    579,986       752,852       —         307,382       (1,640,220     —    

Commitments and contingencies

           

Stockholders’ equity:

           

Preferred stock

    —         —         —         —         —         —    

Common stock

    510       1       1       2,387       (2,389     510  

Additional paid-in-capital

    893,102       835,294       2,827,692       1,410,611       (5,073,597     893,102  

Treasury stock

    (11,542     —         —         —         —         (11,542

Accumulated deficit

    (491,805     (210,805     856,425       (475,133     (170,487     (491,805

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

    (22,268     —         —         (22,268     22,268       (22,268
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total stockholders’ equity

    367,997       624,490       3,684,118       915,597       (5,224,205     367,997  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

  $ 988,955     $ 2,887,389     $ 3,786,543     $ 1,607,794     $ (6,864,928   $ 2,405,753  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

18


Table of Contents

RYMAN HOSPITALITY PROPERTIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATING STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS

AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

For the Three Months Ended September 30, 2017

 

    Parent                 Non-              
(in thousands)   Guarantor     Issuer     Guarantors     Guarantors     Eliminations     Consolidated  

Revenues:

           

Rooms

  $ —       $ —       $ —       $ 100,534     $ —       $ 100,534  

Food and beverage

    —         —         —         104,437       —         104,437  

Other hotel revenue

    —         —         78,196       28,701       (82,278     24,619  

Entertainment

    —         —         —         35,134       —         35,134  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenues

    —         —         78,196       268,806       (82,278     264,724  

Operating expenses:

           

Rooms

    —         —         —         27,575       —         27,575  

Food and beverage

    —         —         —         62,649       —         62,649  

Other hotel expenses

    —         —         11,177       139,029       (78,087     72,119  

Management fees, net

    —         —         —         4,708       —         4,708  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total hotel operating expenses

    —         —         11,177       233,961       (78,087     167,051  

Entertainment

    —         —         —         22,622       (1     22,621  

Corporate

    101       424       —         8,695       —         9,220  

Preopening costs

    —         —         —         877       —         877  

Corporate overhead allocation

    2,339       —         1,851       —         (4,190     —    

Depreciation and amortization

    —         —         14,933       13,613       —         28,546  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total operating expenses

    2,440       424       27,961       279,768       (82,278     228,315  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating income (loss)

    (2,440     (424     50,235       (10,962     —         36,409  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Interest expense

    —         (16,614     —         (7     —         (16,621

Interest income

    —         —         —         2,957       —         2,957  

Loss from joint ventures

    —         —         —         (899     —         (899

Other gains and (losses), net

    —         —         —         2,554       —         2,554  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income (loss) before income taxes

    (2,440     (17,038     50,235       (6,357     —         24,400  

(Provision) benefit for income taxes

    —         —         590       (1,120     —         (530

Equity in subsidiaries’ earnings, net

    26,310       —         —         —         (26,310     —    
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

  $ 23,870     $ (17,038   $ 50,825     $ (7,477   $ (26,310   $ 23,870  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive income (loss)

  $ 25,434     $ (17,038   $ 50,825     $ (5,913   $ (27,874   $ 25,434  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

19


Table of Contents

RYMAN HOSPITALITY PROPERTIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATING STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS

AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

For the Three Months Ended September 30, 2016

 

    Parent                 Non-              
(in thousands)   Guarantor     Issuer     Guarantors     Guarantors     Eliminations     Consolidated  

Revenues:

           

Rooms

  $ —       $ —       $ —       $ 101,085     $ —       $ 101,085  

Food and beverage

    —         —         —         113,100       —         113,100  

Other hotel revenue

    —         —         74,738       30,724       (78,628     26,834  

Entertainment

    46       —         —         30,701       (46     30,701  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenues

    46       —         74,738       275,610       (78,674     271,720  

Operating expenses:

           

Rooms

    —         —         —         28,371       —         28,371  

Food and beverage

    —         —         —         64,790       —         64,790  

Other hotel expenses

    —         —         10,860       137,101       (74,630     73,331  

Management fees, net

    —         —         —         4,408       —         4,408  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total hotel operating expenses

    —         —         10,860       234,670       (74,630     170,900  

Entertainment

    —         —         —         19,146       (46     19,100  

Corporate

    98       410       —         7,939       —         8,447  

Corporate overhead allocation

    2,278       —         1,720       —         (3,998     —    

Depreciation and amortization

    55       —         14,765       11,886       —         26,706  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total operating expenses

    2,431       410       27,345       273,641       (78,674     225,153  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating income (loss)

    (2,385     (410     47,393       1,969       —         46,567  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Interest expense

    18       (16,444     119       360       —         (15,947

Interest income

    —         —         —         2,965       —         2,965  

Loss from joint ventures

    —         —         —         (638     —         (638

Other gains and (losses), net

    —         —         —         2,468       —         2,468  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income (loss) before income taxes

    (2,367     (16,854     47,512       7,124       —         35,415  

(Provision) benefit for income taxes

    (352     —         36       (1,506     —         (1,822

Equity in subsidiaries’ earnings, net

    36,312       —         —         —         (36,312     —    
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

  $ 33,593     $ (16,854   $ 47,548     $ 5,618     $ (36,312   $ 33,593  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive income (loss)

  $ 29,979     $ (16,854   $ 47,548     $ 2,004     $ (32,698   $ 29,979  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

20


Table of Contents

RYMAN HOSPITALITY PROPERTIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATING STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS

AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

For the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2017

 

     Parent                  Non-              
(in thousands)    Guarantor     Issuer     Guarantors      Guarantors     Eliminations     Consolidated  

Revenues:

             

Rooms

   $ —       $ —       $ —        $ 314,577     $ —       $ 314,577  

Food and beverage

     —         —         —          359,047       —         359,047  

Other hotel revenue

     —         —         236,517        85,278       (248,302     73,493  

Entertainment

     —         —         —          92,451       (24     92,427  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenues

     —         —         236,517        851,353       (248,326     839,544  

Operating expenses:

             

Rooms

     —         —         —          83,962       —         83,962  

Food and beverage

     —         —         —          200,091       —         200,091  

Other hotel expenses

     —         —         33,533        422,239       (236,192     219,580  

Management fees, net

     —         —         —          16,417       —         16,417  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total hotel operating expenses

     —         —         33,533        722,709       (236,192     520,050  

Entertainment

     —         —         —          61,583       (24     61,559  

Corporate

     191       1,226       2        22,905       —         24,324  

Preopening costs

     —         —         —          1,587       —         1,587  

Corporate overhead allocation

     6,768       —         5,342        —         (12,110     —    

Depreciation and amortization

     —         —         44,617        39,245       —         83,862  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total operating expenses

     6,959       1,226       83,494        848,029       (248,326     691,382  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating income (loss)

     (6,959     (1,226     153,023        3,324       —         148,162  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Interest expense

     —         (49,620     —          (20     —         (49,640

Interest income

     —         —         —          8,874       —         8,874  

Loss from joint ventures

     —         —         —          (2,616     —         (2,616

Other gains and (losses), net

     —         —         —          1,024       —         1,024  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income (loss) before income taxes

     (6,959     (50,846     153,023        10,586       —         105,804  

(Provision) benefit for income taxes

     —         —         553        (2,575     —         (2,022

Equity in subsidiaries’ earnings, net

     110,741       —         —          —         (110,741     —    
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

   $ 103,782     $ (50,846   $ 153,576      $ 8,011     $ (110,741   $ 103,782  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive income (loss)

   $ 105,391     $ (50,846   $ 153,576      $ 9,620     $ (112,350   $ 105,391  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

21


Table of Contents

RYMAN HOSPITALITY PROPERTIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATING STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS

AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

For the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2016

 

     Parent                 Non-              
(in thousands)    Guarantor     Issuer     Guarantors     Guarantors     Eliminations     Consolidated  

Revenues:

            

Rooms

   $ —       $ —       $ —       $ 309,385     $ —       $ 309,385  

Food and beverage

     —         —         —         362,550       —         362,550  

Other hotel revenue

     —         —         231,074       87,183       (242,653     75,604  

Entertainment

     194       —         —         81,867       (168     81,893  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenues

     194       —         231,074       840,985       (242,821     829,432  

Operating expenses:

            

Rooms

     —         —         —         82,492       —         82,492  

Food and beverage

     —         —         —         201,045       —         201,045  

Other hotel expenses

     —         —         32,749       417,510       (230,749     219,510  

Management fees, net

     —         —         —         15,246       —         15,246  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total hotel operating expenses

     —         —         32,749       716,293       (230,749     518,293  

Entertainment

     —         —         —         54,798       (168     54,630  

Corporate

     292       1,217       2       20,804       —         22,315  

Corporate overhead allocation

     6,748       —         5,156       —         (11,904     —    

Depreciation and amortization

     135       —         44,263       37,490       —         81,888  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total operating expenses

     7,175       1,217       82,170       829,385       (242,821     677,126  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating income (loss)

     (6,981     (1,217     148,904       11,600       —         152,306  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Interest expense

     18       (48,896     254       622       —         (48,002

Interest income

     28       —         —         9,088       —         9,116  

Loss from joint ventures

     —         —         —         (2,086     —         (2,086

Other gains and (losses), net

     —         —         (87     2,375       —         2,288  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income (loss) before income taxes

     (6,935     (50,113     149,071       21,599       —         113,622  

Provision for income taxes

     (352     —         (54     (1,946     —         (2,352

Equity in subsidiaries’ earnings, net

     118,557       —         —         —         (118,557     —    
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

   $ 111,270     $ (50,113   $ 149,017     $ 19,653     $ (118,557   $ 111,270  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive income (loss)

   $ 107,704     $ (50,113   $ 149,017     $ 16,087     $ (114,991   $ 107,704  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

22


Table of Contents

RYMAN HOSPITALITY PROPERTIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATING STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS

For the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2017

 

    Parent                 Non-              
(in thousands)   Guarantor     Issuer     Guarantors     Guarantors     Eliminations     Consolidated  

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities

  $ 124,589     $ (60,255   $ 64,269     $ 87,167     $ —       $ 215,770  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Purchases of property and equipment

    —         —         (63,770     (63,378     —         (127,148

Investment in Gaylord Rockies joint venture

    —         —         —         (16,309     —         (16,309

Investment in other joint ventures

    —         —         —         (6,819     —         (6,819

Decrease in restricted cash and cash equivalents

    —         —         —         7,359       —         7,359  

Other investing activities

    —         —         —         (4,139     —         (4,139
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash used in investing activities

    —         —         (63,770     (83,286     —         (147,056
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net repayments under revolving credit facility

    —         (235,900     —         —         —         (235,900

Borrowings under term loan A

    —         200,000       —         —         —         200,000  

Borrowings under term loan B

    —         500,000       —         —         —         500,000  

Repayments under term loan B

    —         (392,500     —         —         —         (392,500

Deferred financing costs paid

    —         (12,268     —         —         —         (12,268

Payment of dividends

    (120,740     —         —         —         —         (120,740

Payment of tax withholdings for share-based compensation

    (3,775     —         —         —         —         (3,775

Other financing activities

    28       —         —         (15     —         13  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

    (124,487     59,332       —         (15     —         (65,170
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net change in cash and cash equivalents

    102       (923     499       3,866       —         3,544  

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

    28       1,234       23       57,843       —         59,128  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

  $ 130     $ 311     $ 522     $ 61,709     $ —       $ 62,672  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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RYMAN HOSPITALITY PROPERTIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATING STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS

For the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2016

 

     Parent                 Non-               
(in thousands)    Guarantor     Issuer     Guarantors     Guarantors     Eliminations      Consolidated  

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities

   $ 141,202     $ (51,999   $ 23,151     $ 86,762     $ —        $ 199,116  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Purchases of property and equipment

     (8,374     —         (23,304     (52,879     —          (84,557

Investment in Gaylord Rockies joint venture

     —         —         —         (50,443     —          (50,443

Investment in other joint ventures

     —         —         —         (750     —          (750

Proceeds from sale of Peterson LOI

     6,785       —         —         —         —          6,785  

Increase in restricted cash and cash equivalents

     —         —         —         (3,517     —          (3,517

Other investing activities

     —         —         28       995       —          1,023  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities

     (1,589     —         (23,276     (106,594     —          (131,459
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net repayments under revolving credit facility

     —         60,500       —         —         —          60,500  

Net borrowings under term loan B

     —         (3,000     —         —         —          (3,000

Repayment of note payable related to purchase of AC Hotel

     —         (6,000     —         —         —          (6,000

Repurchase of Company stock for retirement

     (24,811     —         —         —         —          (24,811

Payment of dividends

     (112,900     —         —         —         —          (112,900

Payment of tax withholdings for share-based compensation

     (3,150     —         —         —         —          (3,150

Other financing activities

     1,284       —         —         (13     —          1,271  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

     (139,577     51,500       —         (13     —          (88,090
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net change in cash and cash equivalents

     36       (499     (125     (19,845     —          (20,433

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

     23       1,578       158       54,532       —          56,291  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

   $ 59     $ 1,079     $ 33     $ 34,687     $ —        $ 35,858  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS.

Ryman Hospitality Properties, Inc. (“Ryman”) is a Delaware corporation that conducts its operations so as to maintain its qualification as a real estate investment trust (“REIT”) for federal income tax purposes. The Company conducts its business through an umbrella partnership REIT, in which substantially all of its assets are held by, and operations are conducted through, RHP Hotel Properties, LP, a subsidiary operating partnership (the “Operating Partnership”). RHP Finance Corporation, a Delaware corporation (“Finco”) was formed as a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Operating Partnership for the sole purpose of being a co-issuer of debt securities with the Operating Partnership. Neither Ryman nor Finco has any material assets, other than Ryman’s investment in the Operating Partnership and its 100%-owned subsidiaries. As 100%-owned subsidiaries of Ryman, neither the Operating Partnership nor Finco has any business, operations, financial results or other material information, other than the business, operations, financial results and other material information described in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and Ryman’s other reports, documents or other information filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) pursuant to the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). In this report, we use the terms, the “Company,” “we” or “our” to refer to Ryman Hospitality Properties, Inc. and its subsidiaries unless the context indicates otherwise.

The following discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with our condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes included elsewhere in this report and our audited consolidated financial statements and related notes for the year ended December 31, 2016, included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K that was filed with the SEC on February 28, 2017.

Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains “forward-looking statements” intended to qualify for the safe harbor from liability established by the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These forward-looking statements concern our goals, beliefs, expectations, strategies, objectives, plans, future operating results and underlying assumptions, and other statements that are not necessarily based on historical facts. Without limitation, you can identify these statements by the fact that they do not relate strictly to historical or current facts, and these statements may contain words such as “may,” “will,” “could,” “should,” “might,” “projects,” “expects,” “believes,” “anticipates,” “intends,” “plans,” “continue,” “estimate,” or “pursue,” or the negative or other variations thereof or comparable terms. In particular, they include statements relating to, among other things, future actions, strategies, future performance, the outcome of contingencies such as legal proceedings and future financial results. These also include statements regarding (i) the effect of our election to be taxed as a REIT for federal income tax purposes; (ii) the holding of our non-qualifying REIT assets in one or more taxable REIT subsidiaries (“TRSs”); (iii) our announced dividend policy, including the frequency and amount of any dividend we may pay; (iv) potential growth opportunities, including future expansion of the geographic diversity of our existing asset portfolio through acquisitions and our investment in the Gaylord Rockies joint venture (defined below); (v) Marriott International, Inc.’s (“Marriott”) ability to effectively manage our hotels and other properties; (vi) our anticipated capital expenditures and investments; (vii) the potential operating and financial restrictions imposed on our activities under existing and future financing agreements and other contractual arrangements with third parties, including management agreements with Marriott; and (viii) any other business or operational matters. We have based these forward-looking statements on our current expectations and projections about future events.

We caution the reader that forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties that cannot be predicted or quantified, and, consequently, actual results may differ materially from those expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements include, among other things, the risks and uncertainties associated with economic conditions affecting the hospitality business generally, the geographic concentration of our hotel properties, business levels at our hotels, the effect of our election to be taxed as a REIT for federal income tax purposes

 

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commencing with the year ended December 31, 2013, our ability to remain qualified as a REIT, our ability to execute our strategic goals as a REIT, our ability to generate cash flows to support dividends, future board determinations regarding the timing and amount of dividends and changes to the dividend policy, our ability to borrow funds pursuant to our credit agreements and to refinance indebtedness, and those factors described in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016 or described from time to time in our other reports filed with the SEC.

Any forward-looking statement made in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q speaks only as of the date on which the statement is made. New risks and uncertainties arise from time to time, and it is impossible for us to predict these events or how they may affect us. We have no duty to, and do not intend to, update or revise the forward-looking statements we make in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, except as may be required by law.

Overview

We operate as a REIT for federal income tax purposes, specializing in group-oriented, destination hotel assets in urban and resort markets. Our owned assets include a network of four upscale, meetings-focused resorts totaling 7,811 rooms that are managed by Marriott under the Gaylord Hotels brand. These four resorts, which we refer to as our Gaylord Hotels properties, consist of the Gaylord Opryland Resort & Convention Center in Nashville, Tennessee (“Gaylord Opryland”), the Gaylord Palms Resort & Convention Center near Orlando, Florida (“Gaylord Palms”), the Gaylord Texan Resort & Convention Center near Dallas, Texas (“Gaylord Texan”) and the Gaylord National Resort & Convention Center near Washington D.C. (“Gaylord National”). Our other owned assets managed by Marriott include Gaylord Springs Golf Links (“Gaylord Springs”), the Wildhorse Saloon, the General Jackson Showboat (“General Jackson”), the Inn at Opryland, a 303-room overflow hotel adjacent to Gaylord Opryland, and the AC Hotel at National Harbor, Washington D.C. (“AC Hotel”), a 192-room overflow hotel adjacent to Gaylord National. We also own and operate media and entertainment assets including the Grand Ole Opry, the legendary weekly showcase of country music’s finest performers for over 90 years; the Ryman Auditorium, the storied live music venue and former home of the Grand Ole Opry located in downtown Nashville; and WSM-AM, the Opry’s radio home.

Each of our award-winning Gaylord Hotels properties incorporates not only high quality lodging, but also at least 400,000 square feet of meeting, convention and exhibition space, superb food and beverage options and retail and spa facilities within a single self-contained property. As a result, our Gaylord Hotels properties provide a convenient and entertaining environment for convention guests. Our Gaylord Hotels properties focus on the large group meetings market in the United States.

Marriott manages the day-to-day operations of our Gaylord Hotels properties, the Inn at Opryland, the AC Hotel, and certain of our Nashville attractions. As a result, we rely upon Marriott to generate occupancy and revenue levels at our hotel properties.

See “Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” in this Item 2 and Item 1A, “Risk Factors,” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016 for important information regarding forward-looking statements made in this report and risks and uncertainties we face.

Gaylord Rockies Resort & Convention Center

As further discussed in Note 6 to the condensed consolidated financial statements included herein, in March 2016, certain subsidiaries of the Company entered into a series of agreements with affiliates of RIDA Development Corporation (“RIDA”) and Ares Management, L.P. (“Ares”) with respect to an equity investment in the Gaylord Rockies Resort & Convention Center in Aurora, Colorado (“Gaylord Rockies”), which is being developed by RIDA and Ares. The hotel will be managed by an affiliate of Marriott pursuant to a long-term management contract and is expected to consist of a 1,500-room resort hotel with over 485,000 square feet of exhibition, meeting, pre-function and outdoor space. The hotel is expected to be completed in late 2018 and has a total estimated project cost of approximately $800 million.

 

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We acquired a 35% interest in the project for a capital contribution of approximately $86.5 million, of which the final portion was funded in the first quarter of 2017. The terms of our investment provide that we will have the ability to approve certain major decisions affecting the hotel, including, but not limited to, operating budgets, major capital expenditures, material transactions involving the hotel, and approval of designated hotel senior management. We also have a right of first offer to acquire the remainder of the project and designated rights to participate in any sales process with respect to the project after exercise of our first offer rights.

A subsidiary of the Company is providing designated asset management services on behalf of the hotel during the construction period in exchange for a flat fee, and after opening of the hotel, in exchange for a fee based on the hotel’s gross revenues on an annual basis.

In connection with the agreements, we agreed to provide certain guarantees of the hotel’s construction loan and mezzanine debt. See Note 6 to the condensed consolidated financial statements included herein for additional discussion of these guarantees.

Gaylord Opryland Luxury Waterpark

In January 2017, we announced plans for a proposed $90 million investment to create a luxury indoor/outdoor waterpark adjacent to Gaylord Opryland that is expected to open in 2018. The project includes approximately 111,000 square feet of indoor water attractions and activities over three levels and approximately 106,000 square feet of outdoor water amenities. The project will include areas for adults, children and families, as well as dining options and bars. The project will be funded with cash on hand and borrowings under our revolving credit facility.

Dividend Policy

Pursuant to our current dividend policy, we plan to pay a quarterly cash dividend to shareholders in an amount equal to an annualized payment of at least 50% of adjusted funds from operations (as defined by us) less maintenance capital expenditures or 100% of REIT taxable income, whichever is greater. On February 28, 2017, our board of directors declared our first quarter 2017 cash dividend in the amount of $0.80 per share of common stock, or an aggregate of approximately $40.9 million in cash, which was paid on April 14, 2017 to stockholders of record as of the close of business on March 31, 2017. On June 9, 2017, our board of directors declared our second quarter 2017 cash dividend in the amount of $0.80 per share of common stock, or an aggregate of approximately $41.0 million in cash, which was paid on July 14, 2017 to stockholders of record as of the close of business on June 19, 2017. On September 18, 2017, our board of directors declared our third quarter 2017 cash dividend in the amount of $0.80 per share of common stock, or an aggregate of approximately $41.0 million in cash, which was paid on October 13, 2017 to stockholders of record as of the close of business on September 29, 2017. We currently plan to pay a quarterly cash dividend of $0.80 per share of common stock in January 2018. The declaration, timing and amount of dividends will be determined by action of our board of directors. Our dividend policy may be altered at any time by our board of directors.

Credit Facility Refinancing

In May 2017, we refinanced our existing credit facility to (i) extend the maturity of our existing $700 million revolving credit facility to May 2021, (ii) upsize our existing $400 million term loan B to $500 million, improve its pricing, and extend the maturity to May 2024 and (iii) add a new $200 million term loan A that matures in May 2022. Net proceeds, after repayment of the existing term loan B and closing costs, were approximately $308.9 million and were used to pay down a portion of our revolving credit facility. See a detailed discussion of the refinanced terms of our credit facility under the “Principal Debt Agreements” section of “Liquidity and Capital Resources” below.

 

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Our Strategic Plan

Our goal is to become the nation’s premier hospitality REIT for group-oriented meeting hotel assets in urban and resort markets.

Existing Hotel Property Design. Our hotel properties focus on the large group meetings market in the United States and incorporate meeting and exhibition space, signature guest rooms, food and beverage offerings, fitness and spa facilities and other attractions within a large hotel property so attendees’ needs are met in one location. This strategy creates a better experience for both meeting planners and guests, and has led to our current hotel properties claiming a place among the leading convention hotels in the country.

Expansion of Hotel Asset Portfolio. While our short-term capital allocation strategy has focused on returning capital to stockholders, part of our long-term growth strategy includes acquisitions of other hotels, particularly in the group meetings sector of the hospitality industry, either alone or through joint ventures or alliances with one or more third parties. We intend to pursue attractive investment opportunities which meet our acquisition parameters, specifically, group-oriented large hotels and overflow hotels with existing or potential leisure appeal. We are interested in highly accessible upper-upscale assets with over 400 hotel rooms in urban and resort group destination markets. We also consider assets that possess or are located near convention centers that present a repositioning opportunity and/or would significantly benefit from capital investment in additional rooms or meeting space. We plan to expand the geographic diversity of our existing asset portfolio through acquisitions. As a REIT, we do not view independent, large-scale development of resort and convention hotels as a part of our long-term growth strategy.

Leverage Brand Name Awareness. We believe the Grand Ole Opry is one of the most recognized entertainment brands in the United States. We promote the Grand Ole Opry name through various media, including our WSM-AM radio station, the Internet and television, and through performances by the Grand Ole Opry’s members, many of whom are renowned country music artists. As such, we have alliances in place with multiple distribution partners in an effort to foster brand extension. We are continuously exploring additional products, such as television specials and retail products, through which we can capitalize on our brand affinity and awareness. We believe that licensing our brand for products may provide an opportunity to increase revenues and cash flow with relatively little capital investment. To this end, we are investing in the Opry City Stage, a joint venture to open a four-level entertainment complex in Times Square, as well as a Company-owned, Blake Shelton-themed five-level bar, music venue and event space in Nashville named after the Shelton hit “Ole Red.”

Our Current Operations

Our ongoing operations are organized into three principal business segments:

 

    Hospitality, consisting of Gaylord Opryland, Gaylord Palms, Gaylord Texan, Gaylord National, the Inn at Opryland, the AC Hotel, and our investment in the Gaylord Rockies joint venture.

 

    Entertainment, consisting of the Grand Ole Opry, the Ryman Auditorium, WSM-AM, our other attractions, media and entertainment businesses, and our investment in the Opry City Stage joint venture.

 

    Corporate and Other, consisting of our corporate expenses.

 

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For the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, our total revenues were divided among these business segments as follows:

 

     Three Months Ended     Nine Months Ended  
     September 30,     September 30,  

Segment

   2017     2016     2017     2016  

Hospitality

     87     89     89     90

Entertainment

     13     11     11     10

Corporate and Other

     0     0     0     0

Key Performance Indicators

The operating results of our Hospitality segment are highly dependent on the volume of customers at our hotels and the quality of the customer mix at our hotels, which are managed by Marriott. These factors impact the price that Marriott can charge for our hotel rooms and other amenities, such as food and beverage and meeting space. The following key performance indicators are commonly used in the hospitality REIT industry:

 

    hotel occupancy – a volume indicator;

 

    average daily rate (“ADR”) – a price indicator calculated by dividing room revenue by the number of rooms sold;

 

    Revenue per Available Room (“RevPAR”) –a summary measure of hotel results calculated by dividing room revenue by room nights available to guests for the period;

 

    Total Revenue per Available Room (“Total RevPAR”) – a summary measure of hotel results calculated by dividing the sum of room, food and beverage and other ancillary service revenue by room nights available to guests for the period; and

 

    Net Definite Group Room Nights Booked – a volume indicator which represents, on an aggregate basis, the total number of definite group bookings for future room nights at our hotel properties confirmed during the applicable period, net of cancellations.

Hospitality segment revenue from our occupied hotel rooms is recognized as earned on the close of business each day and from concessions and food and beverage sales at the time of sale. Cancellation fees, as well as attrition fees that are charged to groups when they do not fulfill the minimum number of room nights or minimum food and beverage spending requirements originally contracted for, are recognized as revenue in the period they are collected. Almost all of our Hospitality segment revenues are either cash-based or, for meeting and convention groups meeting credit criteria, billed and collected on a short-term receivables basis. The hospitality industry is capital intensive, and we rely on the ability of our hotels to generate operating cash flow to repay debt financing and fund maintenance capital expenditures.

The results of operations of our Hospitality segment are affected by the number and type of group meetings and conventions scheduled to attend our hotels in a given period. A variety of factors can affect the results of any interim period, including the nature and quality of the group meetings and conventions attending our hotels during such period, which meetings and conventions have often been contracted for several years in advance, the level of attrition our hotels experience, and the level of transient business at our hotels during such period. We rely on Marriott, as the manager of our hotels, to manage these factors and to offset any identified shortfalls in occupancy.

 

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Selected Financial Information

The following table contains our unaudited selected summary financial data for the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016. The table also shows the percentage relationships to total revenues and, in the case of segment operating income, its relationship to segment revenues (in thousands, except percentages).

 

           Unaudited                 Unaudited        
     Three Months Ended September 30,     Nine Months Ended September 30,  
     2017     %     2016     %     2017     %     2016     %  

Income Statement Data:

                

REVENUES:

                

Rooms

   $ 100,534       38.0   $ 101,085       37.2   $ 314,577       37.5   $ 309,385       37.3

Food and beverage

     104,437       39.5     113,100       41.6     359,047       42.8     362,550       43.7

Other hotel revenue

     24,619       9.3     26,834       9.9     73,493       8.8     75,604       9.1

Entertainment

     35,134       13.3     30,701       11.3     92,427       11.0     81,893       9.9
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenues

     264,724       100.0     271,720       100.0     839,544       100.0     829,432       100.0
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

OPERATING EXPENSES:

                

Rooms

     27,575       10.4     28,371       10.4     83,962       10.0     82,492       9.9

Food and beverage

     62,649       23.7     64,790       23.8     200,091       23.8     201,045       24.2

Other hotel expenses

     72,119       27.2     73,331       27.0     219,580       26.2     219,510       26.5

Hotel management fees, net

     4,708       1.8     4,408       1.6     16,417       2.0     15,246       1.8

Entertainment

     22,621       8.5     19,100       7.0     61,559       7.3     54,630       6.6

Corporate

     9,220       3.5     8,447       3.1     24,324       2.9     22,315       2.7

Preopening costs

     877       0.3     —         0.0     1,587       0.2     —         0.0

Depreciation and amortization:

                

Hospitality

     26,061       9.8     24,401       9.0     76,786       9.1     75,051       9.0

Entertainment

     1,965       0.7     1,637       0.6     5,465       0.7     4,845       0.6

Corporate and Other

     520       0.2     668       0.2     1,611       0.2     1,992       0.2
  

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

   

Total depreciation and amortization

     28,546       10.8     26,706       9.8     83,862       10.0     81,888       9.9
  

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

   

Total operating expenses

     228,315       86.2     225,153       82.9     691,382       82.4     677,126       81.6
  

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

   

OPERATING INCOME:

                

Hospitality

     36,478       15.9     45,718       19.0     150,281       20.1     154,195       20.6

Entertainment

     10,548       30.0     9,964       32.5     25,403       27.5     22,418       27.4

Corporate and Other

     (9,740     (A     (9,115     (A     (25,935     (A     (24,307     (A

Preopening costs

     (877     (A     —         (A     (1,587     (A     —         (A
  

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

   

Total operating income

     36,409       13.8     46,567       17.1     148,162       17.6     152,306       18.4

Interest expense

     (16,621     (A     (15,947     (A     (49,640     (A     (48,002     (A

Interest income

     2,957       (A     2,965       (A     8,874       (A     9,116       (A

Loss from joint ventures

     (899     (A     (638     (A     (2,616     (A     (2,086     (A

Other gains and (losses), net

     2,554       (A     2,468       (A     1,024       (A     2,288       (A

Provision for income taxes

     (530     (A     (1,822     (A     (2,022     (A     (2,352     (A
  

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

   

Net income

   $ 23,870       (A   $ 33,593       (A   $ 103,782       (A   $ 111,270       (A
  

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

(A) These amounts have not been shown as a percentage of revenue because they have no relationship to revenue.

 

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Summary Financial Results

Results of Operations

The following table summarizes our financial results for the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016 (in thousands, except percentages and per share data):

 

     Three Months Ended     Nine Months Ended  
     September 30,     September 30,  
     2017      2016      %
Change
    2017      2016      %
Change
 

Total revenues

   $ 264,724      $ 271,720        -2.6   $ 839,544      $ 829,432        1.2

Total operating expenses

     228,315        225,153        1.4     691,382        677,126        2.1

Operating income

     36,409        46,567        -21.8     148,162        152,306        -2.7

Net income

     23,870        33,593        -28.9     103,782        111,270        -6.7

Net income per share—fully diluted

     0.46        0.66        -30.3     2.02        2.17        -6.9

Total Revenues

The decrease in our total revenues for the three months ended September 30, 2017, as compared to the same period in 2016, is attributable to a $11.4 million decrease in our Hospitality segment revenues, partially offset by an increase in our Entertainment segment revenues of $4.4 million, each as discussed more fully below. The increase in our total revenues for the nine months ended September 30, 2017, as compared to the same period in 2016, is attributable to an increase in our Entertainment segment revenues of $10.5 million, partially offset by a decrease in our Hospitality segment revenues of $0.4 million, each as discussed more fully below.

Total Operating Expenses

The increase in our total operating expenses for the three months ended September 30, 2017, as compared to the same period in 2016, is primarily the result of an increase in our Entertainment segment expenses of $3.5 million and an increase of $1.8 million in depreciation and amortization expense, partially offset by a decrease in our Hospitality segment expenses of $3.8 million, each as discussed more fully below. The increase in our total operating expenses for the nine months ended September 30, 2017, as compared to the same period in 2016, is primarily the result of an increase in our Entertainment segment, Corporate segment, and Hospitality segment expenses of $6.9 million, $2.0 million and $1.8 million, respectively, as well as an increase in depreciation and amortization and preopening expenses of $2.0 million and $1.6 million, respectively, each as discussed more fully below.

Net Income

The decrease in our net income to $23.9 million for the three months ended September 30, 2017, as compared to $33.6 million for the same period in 2016, was due to the changes in our revenues and operating expenses reflected above and the following factors, each as described more fully below:

 

    A $1.3 million decrease in the provision for income taxes in the 2017 period.

 

    A $0.7 million increase in interest expense for the 2017 period, due primarily to increased interest expense associated with our new term loan A and increased borrowings under our refinanced term loan B. These increases were partially offset by increased capitalized interest in the current period.

 

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The decrease in our net income to $103.8 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2017, as compared to $111.3 million for the same period in 2016, was due to the changes in our revenues and operating expenses reflected above and the following factors, each as described more fully below:

 

    A $1.6 million increase in interest expense, due primarily to the 2017 period including the write-off of $0.9 million in deferred financing costs associated with the refinancing of our credit facility.

 

    A $1.3 million decrease in Other gains and losses, net, primarily due to the 2017 period including a loss on certain assets that were disposed of in our Entertainment and Corporate segments.

Factors and Trends Contributing to Performance

The most important factors and trends contributing to our performance during the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2017 described herein were:

 

    Decreased outside-the-room spending at Gaylord Palms during the 2017 periods, as compared to the 2016 periods (a decrease of 18.7% and 7.4%, respectively), primarily due to the impacts of Hurricane Irma during September 2017. The nine-month 2017 decrease was partially offset by an increase in ADR during the 2017 period (an increase of 5.6%), due to an increase in both group and transient rates.

 

    Decreased outside-the-room spending at Gaylord Opryland during the 2017 periods, as compared to the 2016 periods (a decrease of 9.4% and 1.8%, respectively), primarily due to a decrease in banquets, as well as a decrease in attrition and cancellation fee collections.

 

    Decreased occupancy at Gaylord Texan during the 2017 periods, as compared to the 2016 periods (a decrease of 7.0 and 2.6 points of occupancy, respectively), due primarily to a decrease in groups.

 

    Increased occupancy and outside-the-room spending at Gaylord National during the nine-month 2017 period, as compared to the nine-month 2016 period. The increase in occupancy (an increase of 5.3 points of occupancy) is primarily the result of an increase in groups. The increase in outside-the-room spending (an increase of 3.1%) is primarily attributable to an increase in banquets, including inauguration-related banquets.

 

    Increased revenue for our Entertainment segment during the 2017 periods, as compared to the 2016 periods (an increase of 14.4% and 12.9%, respectively), due primarily to increased shows, attendance and ancillary business, such as tours and retail, at the Grand Ole Opry and Ryman Auditorium, and increased revenues at the Wildhorse Saloon, due primarily to increased business attributable to the achieved benefits of a 2016 renovation.

 

    Increased attrition levels for the three-month 2017 period, as compared to the three-month 2016 period. Attrition for the three-month 2017 period was 15.5%, compared to 13.4% in the three-month 2016 period. The primary driver for this increase was Hurricane Irma and its impact on Gaylord Palms.

 

    Decreased net definite group room nights booked during the 2017 periods, as compared to the 2016 periods (a decrease of 3.9% and 5.7%, respectively). The three-month 2017 decrease was primarily the result of the current period impact of Hurricane Irma on Gaylord Palms. The nine-month decrease was primarily the current period result of Hurricane Irma, as well as the future cancellation of an individual group that had booked 17 different meetings through 2025.

 

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Operating Results – Detailed Segment Financial Information

Hospitality Segment

Total Segment Results. The following presents the financial results of our Hospitality segment for the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016 (in thousands, except percentages and performance metrics):

 

     Three Months Ended     Nine Months Ended  
     September 30,     September 30,  
     2017     2016     %
Change
    2017     2016     %
Change
 

Revenues:

            

Rooms

   $ 100,534     $ 101,085       -0.5   $ 314,577     $ 309,385       1.7

Food and beverage

     104,437       113,100       -7.7     359,047       362,550       -1.0

Other hotel revenue

     24,619       26,834       -8.3     73,493       75,604       -2.8
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Total hospitality revenue

     229,590       241,019       -4.7     747,117       747,539       -0.1

Hospitality operating expenses:

            

Rooms

     27,575       28,371       -2.8     83,962       82,492       1.8

Food and beverage

     62,649       64,790       -3.3     200,091       201,045       -0.5

Other hotel expenses

     72,119       73,331       -1.7     219,580       219,510       0.0

Management fees, net

     4,708       4,408       6.8     16,417       15,246       7.7

Depreciation and amortization

     26,061       24,401       6.8     76,786       75,051       2.3
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Total Hospitality operating expenses

     193,112       195,301       -1.1     596,836       593,344       0.6
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Hospitality operating income (1)

   $ 36,478     $ 45,718       -20.2   $ 150,281     $ 154,195       -2.5
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Hospitality performance metrics:

            

Occupancy

     75.5     75.5     0.0     75.0     74.6     0.5

ADR

   $ 174.20     $ 175.22       -0.6   $ 185.08     $ 182.46       1.4

RevPAR (2)

   $ 131.56     $ 132.32       -0.6   $ 138.73     $ 136.08       1.9

Total RevPAR (3)

   $ 300.45     $ 315.50       -4.8   $ 329.48     $ 328.79       0.2

Net Definite Group Room Nights Booked

     482,732       502,564       -3.9     1,179,521       1,251,086       -5.7

 

(1) Hospitality segment operating income does not include the effect of $0.2 million of preopening costs in the nine-month 2017 period. See discussion of preopening costs below.
(2) We calculate Hospitality RevPAR by dividing room revenue by room nights available to guests for the period. Hospitality RevPAR is not comparable to similarly titled measures such as revenues.
(3) We calculate Hospitality Total RevPAR by dividing the sum of room, food and beverage, and other ancillary services revenue (which equals Hospitality segment revenue) by room nights available to guests for the period. Hospitality Total RevPAR is not comparable to similarly titled measures such as revenues.

The decrease in total Hospitality segment revenue in the three months ended September 30, 2017, as compared to the same period in 2016, is primarily due to decreases of $5.0 million, $2.6 million, $2.3 million and $2.1 million at Gaylord Palms, Gaylord Opryland, Gaylord Texan and Gaylord National, respectively. The decrease in total Hospitality segment revenue in the nine months ended September 30, 2017, as compared to the same period in 2016, is primarily due to decreases of $4.0 million, $2.8 million and $2.6 million at Gaylord Palms, Gaylord Texan and Gaylord Opryland, respectively, partially offset by increases of $6.7 million and $1.6 million at Gaylord National and the AC Hotel, respectively. See below for further discussion.

Total Hospitality segment revenues in the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2017 include $2.4 million and $6.6 million, respectively, in attrition and cancellation fee collections, a decrease of $1.2 million and $2.1 million, respectively, from the 2016 periods.

 

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The percentage of group versus transient business based on rooms sold for our Hospitality segment for the periods presented was approximately as follows:

 

     Three Months Ended     Nine Months Ended  
     September 30,     September 30,  
     2017     2016     2017     2016  

Group

     69     73     74     75

Transient

     31     27     26     25

Rooms operating expenses decreased slightly in the three months ended September 30, 2017, as compared to the same period in 2016. Rooms operating expenses increased in the nine months ended September 30, 2017, as compared to the same period in 2016, due primarily to an increase at Gaylord National, as described below.

Food and beverage operating expenses decreased in the three months ended September 30, 2017, as compared to the same period in 2016, primarily attributable to a decrease at Gaylord Palms. The decrease in food and beverage operating expenses in the nine months ended September 30, 2017, as compared to the same period in 2016, is primarily attributable to decreases at Gaylord Palms and Gaylord Opryland, partially offset by an increase at Gaylord National, as described below.

Other hotel expenses for the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016 consist of the following (in thousands):

 

     Three Months Ended     Nine Months Ended  
     September 30,     September 30,  
     2017      2016      %
Change
    2017      2016      %
Change
 

Administrative employment costs

   $ 26,416      $ 25,941        1.8   $ 80,008      $ 78,641        1.7

Utilities

     7,440        7,548        -1.4     20,768        20,682        0.4

Property taxes

     8,312        8,396        -1.0     25,118        24,050        4.4

Other

     29,951        31,446        -4.8     93,686        96,137        -2.5
  

 

 

    

 

 

      

 

 

    

 

 

    

Total other hotel expenses

   $ 72,119      $ 73,331        -1.7   $ 219,580      $ 219,510        0.0
  

 

 

    

 

 

      

 

 

    

 

 

    

Administrative employment costs include salaries and benefits for hotel administrative functions, including, among others, senior management, accounting, human resources, sales, conference services, engineering and security. Administrative employment costs increased during the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2017, as compared to the same periods in 2016, primarily due to slight increases at Gaylord Opryland and Gaylord National. Utility costs remained stable during the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2017, as compared to the same periods in 2016. Property taxes were stable during the three months ended September 30, 2017, as compared to the same period in 2016, and increased during the nine months ended September 30, 2017, as compared to the same period in 2016, primarily due to increases at Gaylord Texan and Gaylord National due to increased property valuations. Other expenses, which include supplies, advertising, maintenance costs and consulting costs, decreased during the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2017, as compared to the same periods in 2016, primarily as a result of various decreases at Gaylord Palms, Gaylord Texan and Gaylord National, partially offset by various increases at Gaylord Opryland.

Each of our management agreements with Marriott requires us to pay Marriott a base management fee of approximately 2% of gross revenues from the applicable property for each fiscal year or portion thereof. Additionally, an incentive management fee is based on the profitability of our Gaylord Hotels properties calculated on a pooled basis. In the three months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, we incurred $4.7 million and $4.8 million, respectively, and in the nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, we incurred $15.1

 

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million and $15.0 million, respectively, related to base management fees for our Hospitality segment. In the three months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, we also incurred $0.8 million and $0.3 million, respectively, and in the nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, we incurred $3.6 million and $2.5 million, respectively, related to incentive management fees for our Hospitality segment. Management fees are presented throughout this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q net of the amortization of the deferred management rights proceeds discussed in Note 8 to the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements included herein.

Total Hospitality segment depreciation and amortization expense increased in the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2017, as compared to the same periods in 2016. The increase during the three-month 2017 period was primarily a result of an increase at Gaylord Opryland and the nine-month 2017 increase was primarily a result of the increase at Gaylord Opryland, partially offset by a decrease at Gaylord National, as described below.

Property-Level Results. The following presents the property-level financial results of our Hospitality segment for the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016.

Gaylord Opryland Results. The results of Gaylord Opryland for the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016 are as follows (in thousands, except percentages and performance metrics):

 

     Three Months Ended     Nine Months Ended  
     September 30,     September 30,  
     2017     2016     %
Change
    2017     2016     %
Change
 

Revenues:

            

Rooms

   $ 36,009     $ 34,414       4.6   $ 101,956     $ 102,121       -0.2

Food and beverage

     30,227       32,817       -7.9     101,899       103,237       -1.3

Other hotel revenue

     10,001       11,609       -13.9     27,604       28,704       -3.8
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Total revenue

     76,237       78,840       -3.3     231,459       234,062       -1.1

Operating expenses:

            

Rooms

     8,715       8,801       -1.0     24,961       25,414       -1.8

Food and beverage

     17,315       17,513       -1.1     54,604       55,606       -1.8

Other hotel expenses

     22,520       21,949       2.6     67,369       66,003       2.1

Management fees, net

     1,766       1,460       21.0     5,716       5,125       11.5

Depreciation and amortization

     8,765       7,460       17.5     25,235       22,349       12.9
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Total operating expenses

     59,081       57,183       3.3     177,885       174,497       1.9

Performance metrics:

            

Occupancy

     76.9     75.0     2.5     72.7     74.5     -2.4

ADR

   $ 176.13     $ 172.90       1.9   $ 177.82     $ 173.41       2.5

RevPAR

   $ 135.53     $ 129.63       4.6   $ 129.32     $ 129.27       0.0

Total RevPAR

   $ 286.93     $ 296.98       -3.4   $ 293.57     $ 296.28       -0.9

Rooms revenue and RevPAR increased at Gaylord Opryland during the three months ended September 30, 2017, as compared to the same period in 2016, as the result of an increase in occupancy and ADR for transient. Rooms revenue and RevPAR were stable in the nine-month 2017 period, as an increase in ADR for both group and transient rates offset a decrease in occupancy for both group and transient. Rooms revenue and RevPAR were negatively impacted during the 2017 periods by a rooms renovation project, which resulted in approximately 12,250 and 49,300 room nights out of service, respectively. The rooms renovation project was completed in September 2017. In addition, the three- and nine-month 2016 periods were also negatively impacted by a separate rooms renovation project that resulted in approximately 19,700 and 28,300 room nights out of service during the three-month and nine-month periods, respectively. Rooms expenses remained stable during the 2017 periods, as compared to the same periods in 2016.

 

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The decrease in food and beverage revenue at Gaylord Opryland during the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2017, as compared to the same periods in 2016, was primarily due to a decrease in banquets. Food and beverage expenses decreased in the 2017 periods, as compared to the same periods in 2016, due to decreased variable costs associated with the decrease in revenue.

Other hotel revenue decreased at Gaylord Opryland during the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2017, as compared to the same periods in 2016, primarily due to a decrease in collections of attrition and cancellation fees. Other hotel expenses increased in the 2017 periods, as compared to the same periods in 2016, primarily due to increased utility costs due to an increase in rates.

Depreciation and amortization increased at Gaylord Opryland during the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2017, as compared to the same periods in 2016, primarily as a result of rooms renovations in both 2016 and 2017 that resulted in increased depreciable asset levels in 2017.

Gaylord Palms Results. The results of Gaylord Palms for the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016 are as follows (in thousands, except percentages and performance metrics):

 

     Three Months Ended     Nine Months Ended  
     September 30,     September 30,  
     2017     2016     %
Change
    2017     2016     %
Change
 

Revenues:

            

Rooms

   $ 14,667     $ 14,445       1.5   $ 54,526     $ 51,724       5.4

Food and beverage

     18,330       22,677       -19.2     71,635       76,557       -6.4

Other hotel revenue

     4,241       5,085       -16.6     13,458       15,368       -12.4
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Total revenue

     37,238       42,207       -11.8     139,619       143,649       -2.8

Operating expenses:

            

Rooms

     3,572       3,973       -10.1     12,192       11,787       3.4

Food and beverage

     11,292       12,741       -11.4     38,550       39,862       -3.3

Other hotel expenses

     13,821       15,202       -9.1     45,882       47,129       -2.6

Management fees, net

     692       802       -13.7     3,079       2,971       3.6

Depreciation and amortization

     4,753       4,773       -0.4     14,307       14,243       0.4
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Total operating expenses

     34,130       37,491       -9.0     114,010       115,992       -1.7

Performance metrics:

            

Occupancy

     73.3     73.4     -0.1     77.8     77.8     0.0

ADR

   $ 153.62     $ 151.02       1.7   $ 181.32     $ 171.70       5.6

RevPAR

   $ 112.59     $ 110.88       1.5   $ 141.05     $ 133.63       5.6

Total RevPAR

   $ 285.85     $ 323.99       -11.8   $ 361.18     $ 371.11       -2.7

Rooms revenue and RevPAR increased at Gaylord Palms during the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2017, as compared to the same periods in 2016, due to an increase in ADR for both 2017 periods for both group and transient rates, and an increase in transient occupancy for both 2017 periods. Rooms expenses decreased during the three-month 2017 period and increased during the nine-month 2017 period, as compared to the same periods in 2016. The three-month 2017 decrease was primarily due to decreased commission costs, and the nine-month 2017 increase was primarily due to increased commission costs.

Food and beverage revenue decreased at Gaylord Palms during the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2017, as compared to the same periods in 2016, due primarily to a decrease in banquets from group cancellations related to Hurricane Irma in September 2017. Food and beverage expenses decreased in the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2017, as compared to the same periods in 2016, primarily as a result of a decrease in variable costs associated with the decrease in revenue.

 

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Other hotel revenue at Gaylord Palms decreased during the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2017, as compared to the same periods in 2016. The three-month 2017 decrease is primarily the result of the 2016 period including the collection of a group contract settlement. The nine-month 2017 decrease is primarily due to decreased collection of attrition and cancellation fees. Other hotel expenses decreased in the 2017 periods, as compared to the same periods in 2016, primarily as a result of a decrease in sales and marketing costs.

Depreciation and amortization were stable at Gaylord Palms during the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2017, as compared to the same periods in 2016.

Gaylord Texan Results. The results of Gaylord Texan for the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016 are as follows (in thousands, except percentages and performance metrics):

 

     Three Months Ended     Nine Months Ended  
     September 30,     September 30,  
     2017     2016     %
Change
    2017     2016     %
Change
 

Revenues:

            

Rooms

   $ 19,178     $ 21,266       -9.8   $ 58,682     $ 61,621       -4.8

Food and beverage

     25,289       26,055       -2.9     84,902       85,038       -0.2

Other hotel revenue

     5,699       5,161       10.4     16,099       15,844       1.6
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Total revenue

     50,166       52,482       -4.4     159,683       162,503       -1.7

Operating expenses:

            

Rooms

     4,212       4,482       -6.0     12,792       12,691       0.8

Food and beverage

     14,141       14,601       -3.2     44,151       44,398       -0.6

Other hotel expenses

     15,286       15,682       -2.5     44,959       45,293       -0.7

Management fees, net

     951       870       9.3     3,434       3,288       4.4

Depreciation and amortization

     5,175       5,060       2.3     15,425       15,090       2.2
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Total operating expenses

     39,765       40,695       -2.3     120,761       120,760       0.0

Performance metrics:

            

Occupancy

     75.0     82.0     -8.5     75.7     78.3     -3.3

ADR

   $ 183.90     $ 186.55       -1.4   $ 187.80     $ 190.09       -1.2

RevPAR

   $ 137.96     $ 152.98       -9.8   $ 142.26     $ 148.84       -4.4

Total RevPAR

   $ 360.87     $ 377.54       -4.4   $ 387.11     $ 392.51       -1.4

Rooms revenue and RevPAR decreased at Gaylord Texan during the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2017, as compared to the same periods in 2016, due to decreased occupancy due to a decrease in group rooms, partially attributable to Hurricane Harvey in August 2017, and decreased ADR for both group and transient rates. Rooms expenses decreased during the three-month 2017 period, as compared to the same period in 2016, primarily due to decreased variable expenses associated with the decrease in occupancy. Rooms expenses increased during the nine-month 2017 period, as compared to the same period in 2016, as decreased variable expenses associated with the decrease in occupancy were offset by increased group commissions.

Food and beverage revenue decreased at Gaylord Texan during the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2017, as compared to the same periods in 2016, due primarily to decreases in both banquets and food and beverage outlet revenue. Food and beverage expenses decreased in the 2017 periods, as compared to the same periods in 2016, primarily due to the decrease in variable costs associated with the decrease in revenue.

Other hotel revenue at Gaylord Texan increased during the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2017, as compared to the same periods in 2016, primarily as a result of an increase in attrition and cancellation fee collections. Other hotel expenses decreased in the 2017 periods, as compared to the same periods in 2016, due primarily to a decrease in sales and marketing expense, partially offset by an increase in property taxes due to an increased property valuation.

Depreciation and amortization increased slightly at Gaylord Texan during the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2017, as compared to the same periods in 2016.

 

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Gaylord National Results. The results of Gaylord National for the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016 are as follows (in thousands, except percentages and performance metrics):

 

     Three Months Ended     Nine Months Ended  
     September 30,     September 30,  
     2017     2016     %
Change
    2017     2016     %
Change
 

Revenues:

            

Rooms

   $ 25,181     $ 25,851       -2.6   $ 82,537     $ 79,253       4.1

Food and beverage

     29,177       30,298       -3.7     96,776       94,097       2.8

Other hotel revenue

     4,578       4,851       -5.6     16,075       15,355       4.7
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Total revenue

     58,936       61,000       -3.4     195,388       188,705       3.5

Operating expenses:

            

Rooms

     9,617       9,752       -1.4     29,798       28,837       3.3

Food and beverage

     18,884       19,036       -0.8     59,957       58,563       2.4

Other hotel expenses

     18,465       18,503       -0.2     55,161       55,301       -0.3

Management fees, net

     960       999       -3.9     3,244       3,114       4.2

Depreciation and amortization

     6,701       6,462       3.7     19,830       21,423       -7.4
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Total operating expenses

     54,627       54,752       -0.2     167,990       167,238       0.4

Performance metrics:

            

Occupancy

     74.2     72.4     2.5     75.1     69.8     7.6

ADR

   $ 184.89     $ 194.37       -4.9   $ 201.77     $ 207.48       -2.8

RevPAR

   $ 137.13     $ 140.78       -2.6   $ 151.47     $ 144.91       4.5

Total RevPAR

   $ 320.95     $ 332.19       -3.4   $ 358.57     $ 345.04       3.9

Rooms revenue and RevPAR decreased at Gaylord National during the three months ended September 30, 2017, as compared to the same period in 2016, due to a decrease in transient ADR, partially offset by an increase in transient occupancy. Rooms revenue and RevPAR increased at Gaylord National during the nine months ended September 30, 2017, as compared to the same period in 2016, due to an increase in group occupancy, partially offset by a decrease in transient ADR. The increase in group occupancy in the nine-month 2017 period, as compared to 2016, was partially attributed to a large winter storm during the first quarter of 2016 that caused a decrease in 2016 occupancy. Rooms expenses decreased at Gaylord National during the three-month 2017 period, as compared to the same period in 2016, primarily due to a decrease in commission cost. Rooms expenses at Gaylord National increased during the nine-month 2017 period, as compared to the same period in 2016, primarily due to the increase in variable costs associated with the increase in occupancy.

Food and beverage revenue decreased at Gaylord National during the three months ended September 30, 2017, as compared to the same period in 2016, primarily as a result of a decrease in banquets. Food and beverage revenue increased at Gaylord National during the nine months ended September 30, 2017, as compared to the same period in 2016, primarily as a result of an increase in banquets, including inauguration-related banquets. Food and beverage expenses decreased in the three-month 2017 period, and increased in the nine-month 2017 period, as compared to the same periods in 2016, primarily due to the change in variable costs associated with the change in revenue.

Other hotel revenue decreased during the three months ended September 30, 2017, as compared to the same period in 2016, primarily due to a decrease in attrition and cancellation fee collections, partially offset by an increase in ancillary revenue, such as parking and resort fees, associated with the increase in occupancy. Other hotel revenue increased during the nine months ended September 30, 2017, as compared to the same period in 2016, primarily due to an increase in ancillary revenue, partially offset by a decrease in attrition and cancellation fee collections. Other hotel expenses remained stable in the 2017 periods, as compared to the same periods in 2016.

 

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Depreciation and amortization at Gaylord National increased during the three months ended September 30, 2017, as compared to the same period in 2016, primarily due to the completion of a new riverfront ballroom in 2017, and the resulting increase in depreciable asset levels. Depreciation and amortization decreased during the nine months ended September 30, 2017, as compared to the same period in 2016, primarily due to the increased depreciation as a result of the riverfront ballroom being offset by a portion of the initial furniture, fixtures and equipment placed in service at the property’s opening in 2008 becoming fully depreciated during 2016.

Entertainment Segment

Total Segment Results. The following presents the financial results of our Entertainment segment for the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016 (in thousands, except percentages):

 

     Three Months Ended     Nine Months Ended  
     September 30,     September 30,  
     2017      2016      %
Change
    2017      2016      %
Change
 

Revenues

   $ 35,134      $ 30,701        14.4   $ 92,427      $ 81,893        12.9

Operating expenses

     22,621        19,100        18.4     61,559        54,630        12.7

Depreciation and amortization

     1,965        1,637        20.0     5,465        4,845        12.8
  

 

 

    

 

 

      

 

 

    

 

 

    

Operating income (1)

   $ 10,548      $ 9,964        5.9   $ 25,403      $ 22,418        13.3
  

 

 

    

 

 

      

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

(1) Entertainment segment operating income does not include the effect of $0.9 million and $1.4 million of preopening costs in the 2017 periods, respectively. See discussion of preopening costs below.

Entertainment segment revenue increased during the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2017, as compared to the same periods in 2016, primarily due to increases at the Grand Ole Opry and Ryman Auditorium, due to increased shows and attendance and increased ancillary business such as tours and retail. Included in the nine-month 2017 increase are increased revenues at the Wildhorse Saloon, due primarily to increased business attributable to the achieved benefits of a 2016 renovation.

Entertainment operating expenses increased during the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2017, as compared to the same periods in 2016, primarily as a result of increased compensation and consulting costs, as well as increased variable costs associated with the increase in revenue.

Entertainment depreciation expense increased in the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2017, as compared to the same periods in 2016, primarily due to an increase at the Wildhorse Saloon associated with increased depreciable asset levels as a result of the 2016 renovation.

 

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Corporate and Other Segment

Total Segment Results. The following presents the financial results of our Corporate and Other segment for the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016 (in thousands, except percentages):

 

     Three Months Ended     Nine Months Ended  
     September 30,     September 30,  
     2017     2016     %
Change
    2017     2016     %
Change
 

Operating expenses

   $ 9,220     $ 8,447       9.2   $ 24,324     $ 22,315       9.0

Depreciation and amortization

     520       668       -22.2     1,611       1,992       -19.1
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Operating loss

   $ (9,740   $ (9,115     6.9   $ (25,935   $ (24,307     6.7
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Corporate and Other operating expenses, which consist primarily of costs associated with senior management salaries and benefits, legal, human resources, accounting, pension, information technology and other administrative costs, increased in the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2017, as compared to the same periods in 2016, primarily due to increased administrative and employment costs associated with supporting our growth initiatives within our Hospitality and Entertainment segments.

Corporate and Other depreciation and amortization expense decreased in the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2017, as compared with the same periods in 2016.

Operating Results – Preopening Costs

Preopening costs during the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2017 include costs associated with a riverfront ballroom at Gaylord National, which opened in the second quarter of 2017, and costs associated with our various Entertainment segment projects.

Non-Operating Results Affecting Net Income

General

The following table summarizes the other factors which affected our net income for the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016 (in thousands, except percentages):

 

     Three Months Ended     Nine Months Ended  
     September 30,     September 30,  
     2017     2016     %
Change
    2017     2016     %
Change
 

Interest expense

   $ (16,621   $ (15,947     4.2   $ (49,640   $ (48,002     3.4

Interest income

     2,957       2,965       -0.3     8,874       9,116       -2.7

Loss from joint ventures

     (899     (638     -40.9     (2,616     (2,086     -25.4

Other gains and (losses), net

     2,554       2,468       3.5     1,024       2,288       -55.2

Provision for income taxes

     (530     (1,822     70.9     (2,022     (2,352     14.0

 

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Interest Expense

Interest expense increased $0.7 million during the three months ended September 30, 2017, as compared to the same period in 2016, due primarily to increased interest expense associated with our new term loan A and increased borrowings under our refinanced term loan B. These increases were partially offset by increased capitalized interest in the current period.

Interest expense increased $1.6 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2017, as compared to the same period in 2016, due primarily to the write-off of $0.9 million in deferred financing costs associated with the refinancing of our credit facility, as well as increased interest expense associated with our revolving credit facility due to higher average borrowings, our new term loan A and increased borrowings under our refinanced term loan B. These increases were partially offset by increased capitalized interest in the current year.

Cash interest expense increased $1.6 million to $16.9 million in the three months and increased $3.8 million to $49.1 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2017, as compared to the same periods in 2016. Non-cash interest expense, which includes amortization of deferred financing costs and debt discounts and the write-off of deferred financing costs, offset by capitalized interest, decreased $1.0 million to $(0.2) million in the three months and decreased $2.2 million to $0.5 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2017, as compared to the same periods in 2016.

Our weighted average interest rate on our borrowings, excluding the write-off of $0.9 million in deferred financing costs during the nine-month 2017 period, was 4.5% and 4.2% for the three months and 4.4% and 4.3% for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively.

Interest Income

Interest income for the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016 primarily includes amounts earned on the bonds that were received in connection with the development of Gaylord National, which we hold as notes receivable.

Loss from Joint Ventures

The loss from joint ventures for the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016 primarily represents preopening expenses related to joint ventures that we entered into related to Opry City Stage in Times Square in New York City and the investment in Gaylord Rockies. Opry City Stage is anticipated to open in fourth quarter 2017, and Gaylord Rockies is anticipated to open in late 2018.

Other Gains and (Losses), net

Other gains and (losses), net for the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016 primarily includes gains of $2.6 million and $2.5 million from a fund associated with the Gaylord National bonds to reimburse us for certain marketing and maintenance expenses. The nine-month 2017 period also includes a loss on certain assets that were disposed of in our Entertainment and Corporate segments.

Provision for Income Taxes

As a REIT, we generally will not be subject to federal corporate income taxes on ordinary taxable income and capital gains income from real estate investments that we distribute to our stockholders. We will, however, be subject to corporate income taxes on built-in gains (the excess of fair market value over tax basis at January 1, 2013) that result from gains on the sale of certain assets occurring prior to January 1, 2018. In addition, we will continue to be required to pay federal and state corporate income taxes on earnings of our TRSs.

For the three months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, we recorded an income tax provision of $0.5 million and $1.8 million, respectively. For the nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, we recorded an income tax provision of $2.0 million and $2.4 million, respectively. These results differ from the statutory rate primarily due to the REIT dividends paid deduction and the change in valuation allowance required at the TRSs.

 

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Liquidity and Capital Resources

Cash Flows From Operating Activities. Cash flow from operating activities is the principal source of cash used to fund our operating expenses, interest payments on debt, maintenance capital expenditures, and dividends to stockholders. During the nine months ended September 30, 2017, our net cash flows provided by operating activities were $215.8 million, primarily reflecting cash provided by our income before depreciation expense, amortization expense and other non-cash charges of approximately $197.0 million and favorable changes in working capital of approximately $18.8 million. The favorable changes in working capital primarily resulted from an increase in accounts payable and accrued liabilities primarily attributable to an increase in deferred revenues associated with our Christmas-related programs and an increase in accrued interest on our outstanding debt.

During the nine months ended September 30, 2016, our net cash flows provided by operating activities were $199.1 million, primarily reflecting cash provided by our income before depreciation expense, amortization expense and other non-cash charges of approximately $201.7 million, partially offset by unfavorable changes in working capital of approximately $2.6 million.

Cash Flows From Investing Activities. During the nine months ended September 30, 2017, our primary uses of funds for investing activities were purchases of property and equipment, which totaled $127.1 million, and our investment of $16.3 million in the Gaylord Rockies joint venture. Purchases of property and equipment consisted primarily of the expansion of the guest rooms and convention space at Gaylord Texan, the renovation of a portion of the guest rooms at Gaylord Opryland, the commencement of construction of the new waterpark at Gaylord Opryland, a freestanding event ballroom and an expanded event space at Gaylord National, and ongoing maintenance capital expenditures for our existing properties.

During the nine months ended September 30, 2016, our primary uses of funds for investing activities were purchases of property and equipment, which totaled $84.6 million, our investment of $50.4 million in the Gaylord Rockies joint venture, and an increase in restricted cash and cash equivalents associated with the furniture, fixtures, and equipment (“FF&E”) reserve that we are obligated to maintain for future planned and emergency-related capital expenditures at the properties that Marriott manages for us. These uses of cash were partially offset by the receipt of $6.8 million in proceeds related to the sale of our rights in a letter of intent which entitled us to a portion of an economic interest in the income from the land underlying the new MGM casino project in National Harbor, Maryland. Purchases of property and equipment consisted primarily of the renovation of a portion of the guest rooms at Gaylord Opryland, the freestanding event ballroom and expanded event space at Gaylord National, the expansion of the guest rooms and convention space at Gaylord Texan, a renovation of the Wildhorse Saloon, and ongoing maintenance capital expenditures for our existing properties.

Cash Flows From Financing Activities. Our cash flows from financing activities primarily reflect the incurrence of debt, the repayment of long-term debt and the payment of cash dividends. During the nine months ended September 30, 2017, our net cash flows used in financing activities were approximately $65.2 million, primarily reflecting the repayment of $235.9 million under our refinanced revolving credit facility, the payment of $120.7 million in cash dividends and the payment of $12.3 million in deferred financing costs related to our refinanced credit facility. These uses of cash were partially offset by $200.0 million in borrowings under our new term loan A and $107.5 million in net borrowings under our refinanced term loan B.

During the nine months ended September 30, 2016, our net cash flows used in financing activities were approximately $88.1 million, primarily reflecting the payment of $112.9 million in cash dividends and the payment of $24.8 million to repurchase and retire 0.5 million shares of our common stock, partially offset by $57.5 million in net borrowings under our credit facility.

 

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Liquidity

At September 30, 2017, we had $62.7 million in unrestricted cash and $551.4 million available for borrowing under our revolving credit facility. During the nine months ended September 30, 2017, we net borrowed $71.6 million under our credit facility, paid cash dividends of $120.7 million, incurred capital expenditures of $127.1 million, invested $16.3 million in the Gaylord Rockies joint venture, and paid $12.3 million in deferred financing costs associated with the refinancing of our credit facility. These net outflows were offset by cash flows from operating activities discussed above, resulting in the increase in our cash balance from December 31, 2016 to September 30, 2017.

We currently plan to pay a quarterly cash dividend of $0.80 per share in January 2018, subject to determinations as to the timing and amount by our board of directors. We anticipate investing in our operations during the remainder of 2017 by spending between $60 million and $80 million in capital expenditures, which primarily includes ongoing maintenance capital of our current facilities, the expansion of the guest rooms and convention space at Gaylord Texan, and a luxury indoor/outdoor waterpark at Gaylord Opryland.

We believe that our cash on hand and cash from operations will be adequate to fund our general short-term commitments, as well as: (i) normal operating expenses, (ii) interest expense on long-term debt obligations, (iii) capital lease and operating lease obligations, and (iv) declared dividends. If our existing cash and cash from operations were inadequate to fund such items, as well as capital expenditures, we could draw on our credit facility, subject to the satisfaction of covenants in the credit facility.

Our outstanding principal debt agreements at September 30, 2017 are described below. Based on current projections for compliance under our financial covenants contained in these agreements, we do not foresee a maturity issue prior to their scheduled maturity date.

At September 30, 2017, we were in compliance with all covenants related to our outstanding debt.

Principal Debt Agreements

Credit Facility. On May 11, 2017, we entered into a Fifth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement (the “Amended Credit Agreement”) among the Company, as a guarantor, the Operating Partnership, as borrower, certain other subsidiaries of the Company party thereto, as guarantors, certain subsidiaries of the Company party thereto, as pledgors, the lenders party thereto and Wells Fargo Bank, N.A., as administrative agent, which amends and restates the Company’s existing credit facility. In addition, on May 23, 2017, we entered into an Amendment No. 1 (the “Amendment”) to the Amended Credit Agreement among the same parties. As amended, our credit facility consists of a $700.0 million senior secured revolving credit facility (the “Revolver”), a new $200.0 million senior secured term loan A (the “Term Loan A”), and an increased $500.0 million senior secured term loan B (the “Term Loan B”), each as discussed below.

Each of the Revolver, Term Loan A and Term Loan B is guaranteed by us, each of our four wholly-owned subsidiaries that own the Gaylord Hotels properties, and certain other of our subsidiaries. Each is secured by (i) a first mortgage lien on the real property of each of our Gaylord Hotels properties, (ii) pledges of equity interests in our subsidiaries that own the Gaylord Hotels properties, (iii) our personal property and the personal property of the Operating Partnership and our guarantor subsidiaries and (iv) all proceeds and products from our Gaylord Hotels properties. Advances are subject to a 55% borrowing base, based on the appraisal value of the Gaylord Hotels properties (reduced to 50% in the event one of the Gaylord Hotel properties is sold).

In addition, each of the Revolver, Term Loan A and Term Loan B contains certain covenants which, among other things, limit the incurrence of additional indebtedness, investments, dividends, transactions with affiliates, asset sales, acquisitions, mergers and consolidations, liens and encumbrances and other matters customarily restricted in such agreements. The material financial covenants, ratios or tests contained in the Amended Credit Agreement are as follows (and are unchanged from the previous credit agreement):

 

    We must maintain a consolidated funded indebtedness to total asset value ratio as of the end of each calendar quarter of not more than .65 to 1.0.

 

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    We must maintain a consolidated tangible net worth (as defined in the Amended Credit Agreement) of not less than $175 million plus 75% of the proceeds received by us or any of our subsidiaries in connection with any equity issuance.

 

    We must maintain a consolidated fixed charge coverage ratio (as defined in the Amended Credit Agreement) of not less than 1.50 to 1.00.

 

    We must maintain an implied debt service coverage ratio (the ratio of adjusted net operating income to monthly principal and interest that would be required if the outstanding balance were amortized over 25 years at an assumed fixed rate) of not less than 1.60 to 1.00.

If an event of default shall occur and be continuing under the Amended Credit Agreement, the commitments under the Amended Credit Agreement may be terminated and the principal amount outstanding under the Amended Credit Agreement, together with all accrued unpaid interest and other amounts owing in respect thereof, may be declared immediately due and payable.

$700 Million Revolving Credit Facility. Pursuant to the Amendment, we extended the maturity of the Revolver to May 23, 2021, with two additional six-month extension options, at our election. Borrowings under the Revolver bear interest at an annual rate equal to, at our option, either (i) LIBOR plus the applicable margin ranging from 1.55% to 2.40%, dependent upon our funded debt to total asset value ratio (as defined in the Amended Credit Agreement) or (ii) a base rate as set in the Amended Credit Agreement. At September 30, 2017, the interest rate on the Revolver was LIBOR plus 1.55%. Principal is payable in full at maturity. No additional amounts were borrowed under the Revolver at closing.

At September 30, 2017, $146.5 million of borrowings were outstanding under the Revolver, and the lending banks had issued $2.1 million of letters of credit under the Amended Credit Agreement, which left $551.4 million of availability under the Revolver (subject to the satisfaction of debt incurrence tests under the indentures governing our $350 million in aggregate principal amount of senior notes due 2021 (the “$350 Million 5% Senior Notes”) and $400 million in aggregate principal amount of senior notes due 2023 (the “$400 Million 5% Senior Notes”), which we met at September 30, 2017).

$200 Million Term Loan A Facility. The Amendment also provides for the Term Loan A, which has a maturity date of May 23, 2022. Borrowings bear interest at an annual rate equal to, at our option, either (i) LIBOR plus the applicable margin ranging from 1.50% to 2.35%, dependent upon our funded debt to total asset value ratio (as defined in the Amended Credit Agreement) or (ii) a base rate as set in the Amended Credit Agreement. At September 30, 2017, the interest rate on the Term Loan A was LIBOR plus 1.50%. Amounts borrowed under the Term Loan A that are repaid or prepaid may not be reborrowed. At closing, we drew down on the Term Loan A in full and proceeds were used to pay down a portion of the Revolver.

$500 Million Term Loan B Facility. In May 2017, as part of the Amended Credit Agreement discussed above, we increased the capacity under our previous $400 million term loan B to $500 million. The Term Loan B has a maturity date of May 11, 2024 and borrowings bear interest at an annual rate equal to, at our option, either (i) LIBOR plus 2.25% or (ii) a base rate as set in the Amended Credit Agreement. At September 30, 2017, the interest rate on the Term Loan B was LIBOR plus 2.25%. The Term Loan B amortizes in equal quarterly installments in aggregate annual amounts equal to 1.0% of the original principal amount of $500.0 million, with the balance due at maturity. In addition, if for any fiscal year, there is Excess Cash Flow (as defined in the

 

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Amended Credit Agreement), an additional principal amount is required. Amounts borrowed under the Term Loan B that are repaid or prepaid may not be reborrowed. At closing, we drew down on the Term Loan B in full. Net proceeds, after the repayment of the original $400 million term loan B and certain transaction expenses payable at closing, were approximately $114.3 million and were used to pay down a portion of the Revolver.

$350 Million 5% Senior Notes. In 2013, the Operating Partnership and Finco completed the private placement of $350.0 million in aggregate principal amount of senior notes due 2021, which are guaranteed by the Company and its subsidiaries that guarantee the Amended Credit Agreement. The $350 Million 5% Senior Notes and guarantees were issued pursuant to an indenture by and among the issuing subsidiaries and the guarantors and U.S. Bank National Association as trustee. The $350 Million 5% Senior Notes have a maturity date of April 15, 2021 and bear interest at 5% per annum, payable semi-annually in cash in arrears on April 15 and October 15 of each year. The $350 Million 5% Senior Notes are general unsecured and unsubordinated obligations of the issuing subsidiaries and rank equal in right of payment with such subsidiaries’ existing and future senior unsecured indebtedness and senior in right of payment to future subordinated indebtedness, if any. The $350 Million 5% Senior Notes are effectively subordinated to the issuing subsidiaries’ secured indebtedness to the extent of the value of the assets securing such indebtedness. The guarantees rank equally in right of payment with the applicable guarantor’s existing and future senior unsecured indebtedness and senior in right of payment to any future subordinated indebtedness of such guarantor. The $350 Million 5% Senior Notes will be effectively subordinated to any secured indebtedness of any guarantor to the extent of the value of the assets securing such indebtedness and structurally subordinated to all indebtedness and other obligations of the Operating Partnership’s subsidiaries that do not guarantee the $350 Million 5% Senior Notes.

The $350 Million 5% Senior Notes are redeemable, in whole or in part, at a redemption price expressed as a percentage of the principal amount thereof, which percentage is 102.50%, 101.25%, and 100.00% beginning on April 15 of 2017, 2018, and 2019, respectively, plus accrued and unpaid interest thereon to, but not including, the redemption date.

In connection with the issuance of the $350 Million 5% Senior Notes, we completed a registered offer to exchange the $350 Million 5% Senior Notes for registered notes with substantially identical terms as the $350 Million 5% Senior Notes in November 2013.

$400 Million 5% Senior Notes. In 2015, the Operating Partnership and Finco completed the private placement of $400.0 million in aggregate principal amount of senior notes due 2023. The $400 Million 5% Senior Notes are general unsecured senior obligations of the Company’s issuing subsidiaries and are guaranteed by the Company and its subsidiaries that guarantee the Amended Credit Agreement. The $400 Million 5% Senior Notes and guarantees were issued pursuant to an indenture by and among the issuing subsidiaries and the guarantors and U.S. Bank National Association as trustee. The $400 Million 5% Senior Notes have a maturity date of April 15, 2023 and bear interest at 5% per annum, payable semi-annually in cash in arrears on April 15 and October 15 of each year. The $400 Million 5% Senior Notes are general unsecured and unsubordinated obligations of the issuing subsidiaries and rank equal in right of payment with such subsidiaries’ existing and future senior unsecured indebtedness, including the $350 Million 5% Senior Notes, and senior in right of payment to future subordinated indebtedness, if any. The $400 Million 5% Senior Notes are effectively subordinated to the issuing subsidiaries’ secured indebtedness to the extent of the value of the assets securing such indebtedness. The guarantees rank equally in right of payment with the applicable guarantor’s existing and future senior unsecured indebtedness and senior in right of payment to any future subordinated indebtedness of such guarantor. The $400 Million 5% Senior Notes are effectively subordinated to any secured indebtedness of any guarantor to the extent of the value of the assets securing such indebtedness and structurally subordinated to all indebtedness and other obligations of the Operating Partnership’s subsidiaries that do not guarantee the $400 Million 5% Senior Notes.

The issuing subsidiaries may redeem the $400 Million 5% Senior Notes before April 15, 2018, in whole or in part, at a redemption price equal to 100% of the principal amount plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, up to, but excluding, the applicable redemption date plus a make-whole redemption premium. The $400 Million 5%

 

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Senior Notes will be redeemable, in whole or in part, at any time on or after April 15, 2018 at a redemption price expressed as a percentage of the principal amount thereof, which percentage is 103.75%, 102.50%, 101.25%, and 100.00% beginning on April 15 of 2018, 2019, 2020, and 2021, respectively, plus accrued and unpaid interest thereon to, but not including, the redemption date.

In connection with the issuance of the $400 Million 5% Senior Notes, we completed a registered offer to exchange the $400 Million 5% Senior Notes for registered notes with substantially identical terms as the $400 Million 5% Senior Notes in September 2015.

Additional Debt Limitations. Pursuant to the terms of the management agreements and pooling agreement with Marriott, we are subject to certain debt limitations described below.

The management agreements provide for the following limitations on indebtedness encumbering a hotel:

 

    The aggregate principal balance of all mortgage and mezzanine debt encumbering the hotel shall be no greater than 75% of the fair market value of the hotel; and

 

    The ratio of (a) aggregate Operating Profit (as defined in the management agreement) in the 12 months prior to the closing on the mortgage or mezzanine debt to (b) annual debt service for the hotel shall equal or exceed 1.2:1; but is subject to the pooling agreement described below.

The pooled limitations on Secured Debt (as defined in the pooling agreement) are as follows:

 

    The aggregate principal balance of all mortgage and mezzanine debt on Pooled Hotels (as defined in the pooling agreement), shall be no more than 75% of the fair market value of Pooled Hotels.

 

    The ratio of (a) aggregate Operating Profit (as defined in the pooling agreement) of Pooled Hotels in the 12 months prior to closing on any mortgage or mezzanine debt to (b) annual debt service for the Pooled Hotels, shall equal or exceed 1.2:1.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

As described in Note 6 to our condensed consolidated financial statements included herein, we have invested in a joint venture that will build and subsequently own Gaylord Rockies. In connection with this investment, we agreed to provide guarantees of the hotel’s construction loan, including a principal repayment guaranty of up to $21 million of the total $500 million principal amount of the construction loan previously obtained from a consortium of eight banks, with such amount reducing to $14 million and further reducing to $8.75 million upon Gaylord Rockies’ satisfaction of designated debt service coverage requirements following completion and opening of the hotel. We have also provided a completion guarantee under the construction loan capped at our pro rata share of all costs necessary to complete the project within the time specified in the senior loan documents. Further, we have agreed to a guaranty capped at our pro rata share of the joint venture’s obligations under the construction loan prior to the hotel’s opening related to interest accruing under the construction loan and the operating expenses of the property (estimated pro rata share of interest prior to the hotel opening is $9.8 million). In addition to guaranties related to the construction loan, we agreed to provide a guaranty of the mezzanine debt related to the hotel including a payment guaranty capped at $8.75 million for which we are only liable in the event there is a casualty or condemnation event at the hotel and the construction lenders elect to apply those proceeds to the construction loan balance and release the construction loan guaranties and liens. The guaranty related to the mezzanine debt also includes an uncapped completion guaranty and an uncapped guaranty of the joint venture’s obligations under the mezzanine loan prior to the hotel’s opening related to interest accruing under the mezzanine loan and the operating expenses of the property to the extent not already satisfied by the parties under the guaranties related to the construction loan. As of September 30, 2017, we have not recorded any liability in the condensed consolidated balance sheet associated with these guarantees.

 

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In addition, we enter into commitments under letters of credit, primarily for the purpose of securing our deductible obligations with our insurers, and lending banks under our Amended Credit Agreement had issued $2.1 million of letters of credit at September 30, 2017. Except as set forth in these paragraphs, we do not have any off-balance sheet arrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a current or future effect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources.

Commitments and Contractual Obligations

The following table summarizes our significant contractual obligations at September 30, 2017, including long-term debt and operating and capital lease commitments (amounts in thousands):

 

            Payment due by Period  
     Total
amounts
     Less than                    More than  

Contractual obligations

   committed      1 year      1-3 years      3-5 years      5 years  

Long-term debt (1)

   $ 1,594,000      $ 5,000      $ 10,000      $ 706,500      $ 872,500  

Capital leases

     643        20        43        46        534  

Operating leases (2)

     616,463        4,563        9,533        10,090        592,277  

Construction commitments (3)

     13,553        13,553        —          —          —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total contractual obligations

   $ 2,224,659      $ 23,136      $ 19,576      $ 716,636      $ 1,465,311  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1) Long-term debt commitments do not include approximately $327.2 million in interest payments projected to be due in future years (less than 1 year – $64.9 million; 1-3 years – $129.2 million; 3-5 years – $95.4 million; more than 5 years – $37.7 million) based on the stated interest rates on our fixed-rate debt and the rates in effect at September 30, 2017 for our variable-rate debt. Variable rates, as well as outstanding principal balances, could change in future periods. See “Principal Debt Agreements” above for a discussion of our outstanding long-term debt. See “Supplemental Cash Flow Information” in Note 1 to the consolidated financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016 for a discussion of the interest we paid during the fiscal years 2016, 2015 and 2014.
(2) Total operating lease commitments of $616.5 million includes the 75-year operating lease agreement we entered into during 1999 for 65.3 acres of land located in Osceola County, Florida where Gaylord Palms is located.
(3) With respect to our properties that are operated under management agreements with Marriott, we are obligated to maintain an FF&E reserve account for future planned and emergency-related capital expenditures at these properties. The amount funded into each of these reserve accounts is determined pursuant to the management agreements and is 5.0% of the respective property’s total annual revenue. At September 30, 2017, $13.6 million was held in FF&E reserve accounts for future capital expenditures at our properties. According to the terms of each management agreement with Marriott, the reserve funds are to be held by Marriott in a restricted cash account. Although it is not required that such funds be expended in a given year, each management agreement provides any excess funds will carry over for use in future years.

The expected cash flows under our defined benefit pension plan, our non-qualified retirement plan, our non-qualified contributory deferred compensation plan and our defined benefit postretirement health care and life insurance plan are estimated based upon the best information currently available, but are not driven by contractual terms. Therefore, these obligations have been excluded from the contractual obligations table above. See Note 8 and Note 9 to the consolidated financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016 for further discussion related to these obligations.

 

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Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

We prepare our condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. Certain of our accounting policies, including those related to revenue recognition, impairment of long-lived and other assets, stock-based compensation, depreciation and amortization, income taxes, pension and postretirement benefits other than pension plans, and legal contingencies, require that we apply significant judgment in defining the appropriate assumptions for calculating financial estimates. By their nature, these judgments are subject to an inherent degree of uncertainty. Our judgments are based on our historical experience, our observance of trends in the industry, information provided by our customers and information available from other outside sources, as appropriate. There can be no assurance that actual results will not differ from our estimates. For a discussion of our critical accounting policies and estimates, please refer to Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and “Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements” presented in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016. There were no newly identified critical accounting policies in the first nine months of 2017 nor were there any material changes to the critical accounting policies and estimates discussed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016.

ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

Market risk is the risk of loss arising from adverse changes in market rates and prices, such as interest rates, foreign currency exchange rates and commodity prices. Our primary exposures to market risk are from changes in interest rates and changes in asset values of investments that fund our pension plan.

Risk Related to Changes in Interest Rates

Borrowings outstanding under the Revolver bear interest at an annual rate of LIBOR plus 1.55%, subject to adjustment as described in the agreement. If LIBOR were to increase by 100 basis points, our annual interest cost on the $146.5 million in borrowings outstanding under the Revolver at September 30, 2017 would increase by approximately $1.5 million.

Borrowings outstanding under our Term Loan A currently bear interest at an annual rate of LIBOR plus 1.50%, subject to adjustment as described in the agreement. If LIBOR were to increase by 100 basis points, our annual interest cost on the $200.0 million in borrowings outstanding under our Term Loan A at September 30, 2017 would increase by approximately $2.0 million.

Borrowings outstanding under our Term Loan B currently bear interest at an annual rate of LIBOR plus 2.25%, subject to adjustment as described in the agreement. If LIBOR were to increase by 100 basis points, our annual interest cost on the $497.5 million in borrowings outstanding under our Term Loan B at September 30, 2017 would increase by approximately $5.0 million.

Certain of our outstanding cash balances are occasionally invested overnight with high credit quality financial institutions. We do not have significant exposure to changing interest rates on invested cash at September 30, 2017. As a result, the interest rate market risk implicit in these investments at September 30, 2017, if any, is low.

Risk Related to Changes in Asset Values that Fund our Pension Plans

The expected rates of return on the assets that fund our defined benefit pension plan are based on the asset allocation of the plan and the long-term projected return on those assets, which represent a diversified mix of equity securities, fixed income securities and cash. At September 30, 2017, the value of the investments in the pension fund was $69.5 million, and an immediate 10% decrease in this value would have reduced the value of the investments in the pension fund by approximately $6.9 million.

 

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ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES.

The Company maintains disclosure controls and procedures, as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) promulgated under the Exchange Act, that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in the reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. The Company carried out an evaluation under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered by this report. Based on the evaluation of these disclosure controls and procedures, the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of the end of the period covered by this report.

There has been no change in our internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the period covered by this report that materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

PART II — OTHER INFORMATION

ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS.

The Company is a party to certain litigation in the ordinary course, as described in Note 12, “Commitments and Contingencies,” to our condensed consolidated financial statements included herein and which our management deems immaterial and will not have a material effect on our results of operations, financial condition or liquidity.

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS.

There have been no material changes in our “Risk Factors” as previously set forth in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016.

ITEM 2. UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS.

Inapplicable.

ITEM 3. DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES.

Inapplicable.

ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES.

Inapplicable.

ITEM 5. OTHER INFORMATION.

Inapplicable.

 

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ITEM 6. EXHIBITS.

 

Exhibit
Number

  

Description

  3.1    Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation of Ryman Hospitality Properties, Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed October 1, 2012).
  3.2    Amended and Restated Bylaws of Ryman Hospitality Properties, Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.2 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed October 1, 2012).
31.1*    Certification of Colin V. Reed pursuant to Section 302 of Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.